Fiji Villagevillage of Fiji
Fiji's towns have to move due to climatic changes | Solar SOS Project
Vunidogoloa, Fiji - Only a few meters from the shore, a plate of cement shows where Sailosi Ramatus house once was. Vunidogoloa was founded here in 1960 at an outlet in Natewaay on Fiji's second biggest isle, Vanua Levu. It is only a few meters across and lies unsteadily between a grass-covered hill that leads to the major part of the old village and the pen.
"Fiji has all the season. Our grand-parents have realized that the environment has changed," Ramatu said. Royal tide swept the village and compelled the inhabitants to go up on a raft of reed canoes. Until 2006, floods, soil degradation and the unstoppable increase in the volume of fresh waters around the village made it necessary for the village people to ask the Fiji authorities for help.
Vunidogoloa was the first village in Fiji to move two kilometers into the interior of the country in January 2014 due to the impact of war. Today in Vunidogoloa, colorful dresses run on a line between similar leafy wood buildings spread out on a luxuriant slope, while hens run around in the grassland. Ramatu said the 132 inhabitants are fortunate here, as the move is associated with new benefits.
However, for the Warden, these updates cannot compensate for the traumatic experience of quitting the old village. and we had to go away from our town. "For much of the planet, the effects of the global warming is a disaster that is taking place in slowness and the effects of which can still seem to be ignored. However, in the Pacific islands, the effects of climatic changes have already reached the islands and pose an essential danger to people.
Kiribati, a small islands made up of an atoll of corals, is so threatened by increasing water levels that the Fiji authorities bought a 20 square kilometer plot of ground in 2014 to be used for the resettlement of climatic migrants. Since 1993, Fiji itself has seen an annual rise in ocean levels of six millimetres.
"As Elisabeth Holland, head of the Pacific Centre for the Environment and Sustainable Development at the University of the South Pacific, said, "The worse case is that we have to expect one to three meters of sea-level increase in the next 100 years. Fiji was affected by the strongest hurricane ever to strike the state in February 2016.
Winston cyclone destroyed 44 Fijians and wreaked havoc to the tune of more than a billion dollars. As almost a third of Fijians currently live in areas vulnerable to these natural catastrophes, the Fijian authorities in November last year warned that 43 towns would have to move to higher elevations. However, according to Holland, "Many of these people want to remain exactly where they are, where they have been for generation, where their forebears are dead.
"Much of these towns have existed for 100 years. "Marica Bulimaitoga is sitting in front of her little home, a cottage covered in sheet metal in Vunisavisavi, a small village of 67 inhabitants on Vanua Levu. Cyclone Winston in Fiji just a few months before the inauguration of the Cyclone.
"We' ve spoken to the whole village about it and most people in the village have not agreed to move. As Lorima said, the shore line has shifted and stood on the ruins of the home where he was born. If royal tide and strong rainfall collapse, half the village will be flooded, Lorima said. "is a historic place.
The three Fiji communities, among them Vunidogoloa, have been resettled and two are in the early years. Another village next to Vunisavisavi was partly resettled. As a result, around 40 towns remain, which are to be resettled in the near to midterm. By 2015, a Fiji civil servant said the administration was considering resettlement of up to 676 towns.
Fiji Economics Secretary Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, who is also in charge of the country's environmental policies, said he hoped that the dangers of fighting global warming could be alleviated by various means such as the construction of walls. More than $345,000 was provided by the Fiji authorities for the move from Vunidogoloa, while the village people themselves were paying about $100,000 - and that's just one village.
It is susceptible to the impacts of climatic changes, not only because of its geographical location, but also because the scale of its economic system makes the land less able to meet financial challenges. According to a Fiji and World Bank statement, Fiji must invest $4.5 billion over the next 10 years in adaptation to global warming - an amount almost as high as the country's GDP.
Sayedhaiyum said the only thing Fiji lacks is cash. According to Winston,[Fiji] ran out of concrete because so much was built at the same time," he said. One of the things that makes this a particularly painful contraceptive is that Fiji and other Pacific countries have done almost nothing to contribute to climate change.
"We have always said that the impact of global warming knows no bounds," said Sayed-Khaiyum. Fiji has been financially supported for some of the moves by organizations such as the EU and the GIZ, the Germany Internetwork. However, within the state, it must be a key principle of policy making.
In Fiji, the Department of Economic Affairs is one of the few states in the entire planet where the Department of Trade and Industry is responsible for the country's environmental policies. "It is the whole concept to anchor and link up with the plan to tackle the problem of global warming," said Sayed-Khaiyum. Fiji was the first developing country to launch the issuance of environmental debt last October.
Of the $50 million will be used for carbon offset and adjustment work. This immediate need has now ceased in Vunidogoloa. The village is no longer threatened by flooding due to strong rainfalls and royal rush. However, the sorrow of leaving is still felt by the people.