Fiji Physical FeaturesPhysical characteristics of Fiji
The geological story of Fiji is quite complicated. The Fiji islets are built on a subterranean plateau of old rock masses and are largely the result of igneous activity, sediment deposits and reefs. With an area of about 10,000 km2, Viti Levu covers more than half of Fiji's area.
An indented mountain chain stretching from the north to the southward direction has several summits over 900 meters, among them Tomanivi (formerly Mount Victoria), with 1,324 meters the highest point of Fiji. In the southeastern and southwestern parts, as well as in the southern part, where the mountain ranges, the hills give way to the high plains and then to the lowland.
Coastlines in the western, northwestern, and southeastern regions cover less than one-fifth of Viti Levu, but are the major agricultural and residential centers. The second biggest of the islands, Vanua Levu has an area of about 5,540 sqkm. Throughout its length it is separated by a chain of mountains with summits of more than 3,000ft.
At the north shore of the isle, away from the Dreketi river (Ndreketi), the coastline is small. The majority of the other archipelagoes, which include the Lomaiviti, Lau and Yasawa groups, are of vulcanic origins, but like the large ones they are bordered by reef corals, cliffs and shallows that make the Koro Sea dangerous for shipping.
Whereas precipitation in the eastern part of the major isles will be cut from April to October with an approximately 120-inch (.3,000 mm) per year mean, in the western part it will practically stop to produce an approximately 70 inch (1,800 mm) yearly precipitation, providing a strong contrasting climate and agricultural environment between the eastern and western parts of the island.
Nearly half of Fiji's land area is still wooded, while arid grassland can be found in the west of the large isles. Kokospalmen are widespread in coast areas, and almost all tropic fruit and vegetable can be cultivated. The majority of pets, among them swine, hounds, cattle and a few ponies, are indoors.