Female Deity NukuoroFeminine Deity Nukuoro
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280. Godhead (dinonga eidu) Pacific
It is made of red-brown timber, probably from the breadfruit trees found in the Nukuoro Alm. Ferrous pegs, obviously post-contact additives, nestled on both sides of the neck and under each buttocks. Carolines are one of the four main groups of Micronesia Island, some of them since the sixteenth cent.
Nukuoro, or the Isle of Monteverde, found by a Spaniard of this name in 1806, is a Polish escapee to the Eastern Carolines. One of the ponape encircling Ponape just off Nukuoro, the Mac Askill emperor said to the priest Doane in October 1857, along with two other guests, "he wanted a misionary to come to his own place and stay there".
Kubary, a Godeffroy Museum envoys in Hamburg, made his first brief stopover in 1873 and in 1877 paused for a longer period to learn about the Caroline Islands, mainly Nukuoro. It is the author's belief that all the gods returned to Hamburg by Kubary were probably gathered during his second trip in 1877, but that they were certainly made for the purposes of bartering, as almost all preserved samples.
Nukuoro was governed by two chieftains, one sacred and one sacred, for the latter the role transferred from a mother to a son or a member of the whole household, regardless of gender. The church was kept either with the major icon in Amalau, the church's ritual building, or possibly in one of the nine smaller churches.
These four steel pins, nailed on both sides of the throats and under each buttocks, were certainly added to this picture to enhance her or to add new clothes, obviously at a period when she was still revered with the ceremony that corresponded to the real faith. One of the oldest and most valuable objects exchanged or preserved by a visitor vessel could have been them.
Doane recounts: "It is obviously the Eisenzeit with this nation, since the steel tire was diligently exchanged for its small goods". When Cook moored in April 1769 on his first voyage to Wallis' Royal Bay, the locals were so enthusiastic about the steel that Cook had to issue an order that "No brief (kind) of) steel or anything made of steel should be given..... for anything but provisions...".
The picture was taken by Thomas and Annie Brassey on their Sunbeam during one of their travels 1876-1883. As they never stoped in Nukuoro, it was probably gathered in Hawaii where they phoned. This was certainly already gathered some years in Hawaii and probably before 1874, since apparently the priest Doane did not end up on this trip.
Miknor, Caroline Islands. It was then shown in a kind of home in Park Lane. This nukuoro statue is the source of sacred calm and presentness, and despite the earthy nature of her lower extremities, she has an astonishing union of line and formal. Wright, B.: A Catalogue Raisonné of Natural History, ethnographic specimens and curiosities, gathered by Lady Brassey during the travels of "Sunbeam", 1876-1883 (London, 1885), No.
Female character of Easter Island (Moai paapaa), whom he replaced with M.-A.. Two boulders, A. : Results of the South Sea Expedition 1908-1910 II A, vol. 8th Islands around Ponape (Hambourg, 1934), p. 163. All of these visit particulars can be found in a document by Fr. Francis X. Hezel SJ (Foreign Ships in Micronesia[Pruk, Caroline Islands, 1979], p. 54, 59, 61), which was shown to the writer on 16 October 1993 by Bernard de Grunne, who had found a copy at the Musée de l'Homme in Paris.
Nukuoro ou Monteverde, Mitt. d. Géographe. Gesell. in Hamburg XVI, p. 96 n. 33) it says in a footnote: "This icon was purchased in my name (probably as a consequence of his 1873 attendance, the writer believes) and shipped aboard a boat, but I did lose it due to the deception of the captain".
It is the 2.2 metre high Kawe, possibly that of Reverend Doane as "a very large and in her temple", which was worshiped and sacrificed to the Auckland Museum in 1878 by a retailer, Mr G. Cozens, just before.
In the early 1970s, when the writer was in New Zealand trying to find out about this painting, he was told that until recently it had been kept in a dilapidated lavatory of the Musée where leaky waters had rotten his legs; his origin was not exactly known. It was apparently abandoned in a storehouse at the port of Auckland until it came into the open.
It is not known whether Mr Cozens was the tradesman in Nukuoro or how he was obtained by the "dishonest captain". In the Auckland Museum, Journal of the Polynesian Society, Vol. 77, No. 1, March 1968, p. 77-79, and almost certainly Rev Doane, The Geographical Magazine, August 1, 1874, p. 205:
It is remarkable that the four large tattoos that were formerly in the Godeffroy Museum (Godeffroy No. 2606, 2607, 3457, 3458: Godeffroy, A.: A.: opt. cit. 201-204) - currently the biggest in Berlin and the other three still in Hamburg - all have tattoos on their backs and thighs.
The adornments on the Godeffroy specimens certainly cannot be consistent with the required ceremony or real religion, as it seems. However, in the case of Ko Kawe and this painting, it seems to be part of the statue, more vivid thangraphical.
There are, of course, other exemptions, some of the Cook Island statues adorned with the same pattern of blacks used in tattoos and bark cloth dyes (Idiens, D.: Cook Island Art[Bucks, 1990], p. 16), and the fishing deities of Rarotonga, such as those at the British Museum (Inv. 9866) and Peabody Museum Cambridge, Mass.
Cook Islands Handicrafts, Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 179, 1944, p. 313-314, ill. 192, 193. Duff, R.: No kind of iron: Remarkably, in Hamburg (Museum of Ethnology I1824: Museum der Völkerkunde I1824: Museum of Ethnology E1824: Dodd, E.: New York, 1967, p. 262 illustration top left) a statue of remarkable stature (1. 63 m), but less well made, but with similar hand movements to the others, and another almost equal altitude (1. 68 m) and very similar in Berlin (Museum of Ethnology 46934).
These are of rough shape and can be made with the help of steel instruments (note the division of the toes) and their surface does not have the meticulous workmanship and polishing required by religion. In fact, it is possible that certain pictures without abrasion or dullness, which Cook took with him from Hawaii on his first trip, for example, were taken during his sojourn with his team.
Dr. Clara Wilpert was kind enough to provide the following information: In 1886, the Godeffroy Museum's content was divested after the owner's business experienced serious repercussions. Four paintings were purchased in Hamburg, the biggest of which is currently in Berlin (Museum of Ethnology 46934, purchased in Hamburg in 1962, h: 168 cm).
It is the second biggest in Hamburg (E 1824) and is 163 cm high. Much of the objects from the Godeffroy Museum went to Leipzig and there are three small Nukuoro in Cologne. The American Board of Commissioners' mission to the Caroline Islands was based on 13 of them.
One of the major call groups of the Caroline Islands, the American Micronesian missions, had a stop in Ponape. Mr Doane, a misionary, was on the star, the Nukuoro vessel that Nukuoro was visiting in 1874; though no one was landing, the indigenous people came out to trade. and his former home, Claremont, was transformed into the Hastings Institute and School of Fine Arts, where the character was first displayed and presented under the Cath.
1886 Lord Brassey established a home in 24 Park Lane. Obviously the hero was placed in the doorway of the building, its content is mentioned in a catalog of manuscripts - under the item I257: L: Idole, Nuknor, Caroline Islands. 1919, after the second Lord Brassey's passing, the Hastings Library was donated to the Hastings Memorials.