Extinct Cultures ListList of extinct cultures
This is an alphabetical list of ancient civilizations. Would you like to get more of the culture that is important to you delivered directly to your inbox?
The top 10 mysterious civilisations that have vanished
The Olmecs were one of the first Meso-American communities to inhabit the lowland tropics of southern México. Olmec first appeared around 1400 BC in the town of San Lorenzo, the most important Olmec village, backed by two other centres, Tenochtitlan and Potrero Nuevo. Olmecs were architects, with each of the great places containing courtyards, hills, large conic spire and rock tombstones, as well as the most famous of them.
Olmec civilisation was strongly based on commerce, both between different Olmec territories and with other Meso-American states. Since they were one of the most ancient and progressive Meso-American cultures at that period, they are often regarded as the parent cultures of many other Meso-American cultures. One of the other common theories is that they were attacked, but no one knows who the intruders might be.
Nabataeans were a semite civilization that lived in parts of Jordan, Canaan and Arabia since the 6th mill. Due to the expansion of the trading routes, the Nabataean civilization was strongly marked by Hellenistic Greece, Rome, Arabia and Assyria. Archaeological proofs prove that their exit was an organised one, which was not suppressed, which makes us believe that they were not expelled from Petra by another people.
Their most likely reason is that when the trading lanes they were relying on were shifted northward, they were unable to maintain their civilisation and abandoned Petra. For this reason, Aksum was a very prosperous community and was the first of its kind in Africa, which was a significant feature in the ancients.
King Ezana II was Christianized in 324 A.D. and from then on Aksum was a fervent Christendom and is said to be the home of the Ark of the Covenant. Originating from Minoan civilisation, the Myceans fused in the south of Greece around 1600 B.C.. The Myceans, scattered over two isles and the south of the continent, established and conquered many large towns such as Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, Athens, Thebes, Orchomenus, Iolkos and Knossos.
Mycaneans were a dominating sea force and used their sea force for trading with other countries as well as for warfare. However, the most common theories are that they were attacked by a northern civilisation, such as the Dorians (who moved to the area after the Myceans fell) or the sea dwellers (who moved from the Balkans to the Middle East at that time).
It is known to most as the civilisation that Angkor, Cambodia's capitol, made. Khmer were an unbelievably rich and mighty civilisation, open to various faiths such as Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism, which were the imperial formalism. They were also of great force, as they waged many battles against the Annamese and Chams.
Under Jayavarman VII's rule, an extensive highway system was constructed to facilitate the transportation of goods and forces throughout the empire. They are Cucuteni in Romania, Trypillian in Ukraine and Tripoli in Russia: a flourishing Early Neolithic civilization between 5500 BC and 2750 BC.
During its heyday, the Cucuteni-Trypillian Association established the major European communities of up to 15,000 inhabitants. It is one of the greatest secrets of this civilization that every 60 to 80 years they would destroy their whole town and rebuild it on the old one.
Castilian civilization was mathematical, females were the head of the housekeeping and also did the farm work, producing ceramics, fabrics and attire. The Kurgan theorem is one of the most important hypotheses about the end of the Cucuteni-Trypillian civilization, stating that it was captured by the martial Kurgan people.
Recent archaeology, however, points to a tragic climatic crisis that could have resulted in one of the most severe drought in European history - disastrous for a crop that was highly dependent on agriculture. The Clovis civilization, a Prehistory Indian tribe, goes back to 10,000 BC. Centrally located in the southerly and middle planes of North America, they are archaeologically recognised by burst fire stone points known as Clovis points.
Clovis were the first humans in the New World and are regarded as the progenitors of all North and Latin America's native cultures. The Clovis civilization has disappeared in several ways. Firstly, a decline in megfauna, combined with reduced levels of transport in their cultures, has caused them to ramify and create new groups such as the Folsom Cultures.
A different hypothesis is that the giant and other types have become extinct as a result of over-hunting and that Clovis have no sustainable nutrition. This last theoretical study is about a geological phenomenon that collapsed around the Great Lakes and had a major impact on the Clovis people. The Minoans, called after the mythical King Minos, lived in Crete from 3000 to 1000 BC.
The Minoans were the first known civilisation in Europe. Nowadays, all that remains of Minoan civilisation are its buildings and the artefacts found in them. Minoan civilisation was one of societal organisation, arts and commercial. There' s no proof of a civilian civilisation in the Minoan castles and it seems that their might was strictly economic.
Although the Minoans were killed, their civilization was first handed down by the Myceans and from there by the Hellenistic Greeks. They are also suspected of having been attacked by the Myceans during this period. Anasazi, or Ancestral Puebloans, was an Indian civilization that developed around 1200 BC in the Four Corners of the United States (where New Mexico, Arizona, Colordo and Utah meet).
The cities were home to many civil and civil activities and were linked by centuries of roads. The Indus valley or Harappan civilization, which once inhabited an area the approximate scale of West Europe in present-day Pakistan and the West Indies, prospered from 3300 to 1300 BC, although the area was populated until 7000 BC.
Although it is one of the greatest antique civilisations, not much is known about Harappan civilisation, mainly because its tongue has never been decoded. As we know, they have constructed over a hundred settlements and settlements, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, each with an organised floor plan and a sophisticated sanitary system with interior WC.
There' s also no proof of the existence of military activities, so it is likely that they were living in silence. Experienced in astronomy, they were well acquainted with farming, the cultivation of grain, barsley, peas, melon, syseed and cottons ( "the first civilisation to make cottons ") and the domestication of several livestock, among them bovine and elephant.
Well, there are several myths about what happend to civilisation in the Indus valley. A number of folks believe that they have decreased due to changes in their surroundings, such as a decline in the magnitude of the Ghaggar Hakra system of rivers or the colder, dryer temperature that can also be observed throughout the Middle East.
The Aryans penetrated it around 1500 B.C. was another one.