Easter Island todayOsterinsel today
Eastern Island vs. Tikopia Island: Role of sustainability
Today Easter Island is a small, undulating and almost tree free island with about 2,000 inhabitants. You are practicing a relatively contemporary way of life that is shaped by Polish civilization. It has a large city with cobbled streets. It' s more than 2,000 leagues from the next conurbation, making it one of the most remote places in the world.
Reconstructed by archeologists, the Moai sculptures show the islanders' relationship with their past. It is said that the island's residents are among the most friendly on earth and often let the visitor remain in their houses for an unforgettable holiday with them. Today it is an important part of Easter Island and a favourite tourist resort for Chileans and the whole country.
When the first people arrived, most of the island was wooded and blossomed with terrestrials. The abundance of springs of bird, seafood and vegetable feed ensured an increase in the island's populations and established a wealthy people. Today, the most important natural resource found on Easter Island is coal, wood, ferrous ores, nitrate, noble metal and molybdenum.
Tree was considered the island's most valuable asset, but today there are few remaining because the island's forest blockers did not practise sustainable use of the island's finite natural assets. So it is clear that although Easter Island is relatively steady today, its past is still characterised by an exhaustion of natural and cultural heritage.
This exhaustion is clearly not due to the island's natural surroundings, but to the way in which its inhabitants live. Recent achievements on many other archipelagos show that a thriving cultural and environmental landscape is indeed possible with the right use of natural and natural resource. Tikopia has had a steady and prosperous natural habitat for 3,000 years.
Whilst researchers have shown that there are some ecological drivers that have made such a distinction between the two isles, such as higher landfill levels, the major discrepancies are due to the island's cultures and the way its inhabitants live. The way the villagers in Tikopia practised sustainable development was to limit slash-and-burn farming and to intensify farming on permanent parcels of land.
There was also a rigorous reproduction policies that hindered further growth in populations. They also had strong and conscious ties to demographic densities, which shows that they took into consideration the limitations of their natural resource. On Easter Island, by comparison, the people had different ways of using their lands and natural ressources.
The Easter Island method is described by Jared Diamond, writer of Ecological Collapses of Pre-industrial Societies, when he says: "The first Polynese colonists began clearing the forests for agronomy. The local landfowl, the sea bird and the fruit of the plant. According to this account, the people of Easter Island have not been cautious with the natural habitats, especially the most useful one.
Finally their once thriving forests were cut down and their company came to a standstill. Nearly every other environmental issue that once flourished came to a standstill with the island's inhabitants. There are some big variations between the two environmental concepts used on Easter Island and Tikopia Island.
The difference between the two was the use of sustainability by the residents. As Tikopia took steps to conserve its precious natural resource, Easter Island did not. When Easter Island became a sparse country, the island of Tikopia flourished as it is today.