Easter Island StatuesStatues of Easter Island
It' about 15 mile long and 7. The explorers say that the island was first populated by Polynesians in the thirteenth c... Statues sculpted from tufa are from a stone pit on the island, while the scarlet skoria from another 7.
five leagues away on the other side of the island. Earlier research by Carl P. Lipo, Anthropologist at Binghamton University, and Terry Hunt, Anthropologist at Honors College, University of Arizona, have shown that the statues, which can be up to 33 ft high and weighs 81 tonnes, are positioned along well-prepared streets with a walking/rocking movement similar to moving a fridge.
"These statues were moving in a way that was sleek and remarkable efficient through the use of basic physical methods," says Lipo. While not all statues made it to their definitive location, the statues that fell and/or were shattered showed that the statues to move them were cut so that they leant forward and were later flattened for the definitive placemento.
Up to 13 tonnes in diameter, the caps may have been wheeled across the island, but when they reached their planned statues, they still had to be raised on the statue top. Archipelagoers probably sculpted the caps cylinder by cylinder and curled them to the statues before further sculpted the caps to obtain the definitive forms, which range from cylinder to tapered and which usually have a smaller cylinder protrusion on top.
Some of the statuette cap combination's platforms contain crisps of slag. "Hixon said, "We were interested in finding the best way to move and place the caps according to the archeological notation. Scientists took several photos of many of the many Rana Nui caps to see what characteristics the caps were the same everywhere.
With the help of Photogrammetrie and 3-D imagery they took pictures of the hat with all its detail. "So, we searched for characteristics that were common to all of our guards and statues. "The only characteristics they found were notches on the hat base, and these notches match the tips of the statue beheads.
Were the caps had been pushed onto the statues, the smooth rock combs at the edge of the depressions would have been damaged. So, the islander must have used another way. Preceding explorers proposed that the statues and caps were joined before being hoisted in place, but the remains of fractured or deserted statues and other proof of the statue walk suggest that this was not the beginning used and that the caps were most likely hoisted to the top of the upright statues.
Most of the remaining herds on the island are much bigger than those on the statues. "And the best way to explain the transportation of the pukaos (hats) from the quarries is to roll the rough materials to the site of the mai ("statues")," says Lipo. "When they arrived at the moon, the pukaos were wheeled over large platforms to the top of a stationary sculpture with the help of a parbucking techniq.
In addition to the reduction of the power required to move the caps, this configuration also facilitates the stabilization of the cap on the way up, as the cap usually does not fall down the hill. Scientists reported in the latest edition of the Journal of Archaeological Science that 15 or fewer workmen could push the biggest premold huts up the docks.
Rather, the scientists believe that the caps were tilted onto the statues. It was possible to turn the caps 90 degree and then lever them up with small wood handles to seat on the top of the statues, or the platform could be slightly to the side so that a turn in the small room at the top of the platform would be superfluous.
They were then dismantled and became the wing of the deck that surrounded the statues. "It is the first systematic examination of how the huge caps were placed on the head of the huge statues of Easter Island," said Lipo. This work was sponsored by the National Science Foundation with CONAF, the Consejo de Monumentos, the office of the provincial governor of Easter Island and the Consejo de Ancianos, Chile.