Easter Island Heads HistoryOsterinsel Köpfe History
Founded by a succession of volcanoes, Easter Island is only 14 nautical mile long and 7 nautical leagues in width, but this small remote island has an enormous history and a great mystic. Easter Island's history is one of intrigues and devastations. The island's activities date back to around 300 A.D. The early colonists of Rapu Nui were living in peaceful conditions on this small island, but the shortage of natural resource in 1680 resulted in a catastrophic conflict and reduced the island's populations.
After arriving on the island in 1722, the Netherlands discoverer Jacob Roggeveen re-named the island Easter Island due to the Easter Sunday expedition's arrivals. They were the first Europeans to visit the island and mark the beginning of the explorations through the outside underworld. The island was populated by an approximate 3,000 in 1770.
Just four years later, the island's total resident base was again cut to just 700, including less than thirty females. In 1862 the island's inhabitants began to reconstruct themselves, only to be ravaged again by the Peruvian slavery and a series of sickness.
Until 1877 only 111 persons were found on the island. In spite of its past, the island has reconstructed its inhabitants and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1995, making it a place of culture and history that should be honoured and conserved for coming generation, and a singular goal on every journey to Chile.
Though the island has a dark but interesting history, it has its real charm in the shape of sculptures. More than 900 mai, a sculpture of vulcanic rock, covers the island. They were made by the natives of the island. See the mystical and singular sculptures of Easter Island's mai.
They are a great puzzle of culture: they are supposed to depict forefathers watching over the island. Spread over the island's hillsides, the 13-ton sculptures are a real icon of the island's indigenous handicrafts.
They were also intended to be seated on thresholds or ahoes, which were lifted from the floor and often had graves underneath. You can see the hu mainly on the shore, but years of conflict and catastrophes have not been enough. Travellers from all over the globe come to Easter Island to discover the secret and beauties of the Moais.
If you want to discover the history and secret of Easter Island, you can take a sightseeing walk through Easter Island to see some of the most spectacular mai. The Rano Raraku stone pit, the birth place of the moon, where these mystical sculptures were handmade, will be a stop for many people.
In the stone pit, the visitor sees over 300 incomplete sculptures, all in various phases of construction. Ahu Vaihu and Ahu Akahanga are places where travellers are remembered of the island's sombre past, as many marshes are overthrown like dominos, a product of colonisation and wars. Travellers can explore the island's territory on their own and explore the profound history and history behind each mai.
Observe the sundown over the mai during your journey to Easter Island. The Easter Island is an island that is bigger in history and civilization than its real dimensions and is a haven for history lovers. An Easter Island holiday is a great addition to any holiday in Chile. Learn more about the 5 most important travel locations in Chile to make your visit to Chile memorable and to plan your journey to Chile today.