Easter Head StatuesThe Easter Head Statues
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One group of US scientists believes they have replied to the long-awaited questions of how the Easter Isle' s statues of stones got their heroes. Tens of statues dotting the insulated, barren isle are adorned with these crimson caps - an astounding technical masterpiece, especially since mere survival is an impressing achievement.
"That', said Carl Lipo, Anthropological Associate at Binghamton University in New York. "It would be noteworthy to find one of these things almost anywhere, but on this particular archipelago there are almost 1,000 statues that can be up to three stories high. They are made of scaria, a reddish colored mountain from one side of the isle, while the statues are made of stones that are extracted at the other end.
Easter Island, about 3,000 kilometers from Chile in the southern Pacific, has no useful resource like wood to help trek large flagstones. Shelters alone can weight more than 11 tons and the statues themselves are up to 10 meters high. It is not only about how a small populace succeeded at some point in the fifteenth or sixteenth centuries in lifting the large caps onto the even larger statues, but why?
LPO, along with investigators from around the United States, issued a statement in the Journal of Archaeological Science last week, disproving decades of consideration from other scholar. Up to now the predominant theorem was that the Rapa Nui put the statues on the floor on Easter Island, put the caps on and then put the whole thing together.
However, after the statues had been examined, Lipo and his group found out that this would be not possible. Throat of statues must carry the weights of the hat without tearing. Scrapped statues scattered around the isle - those who never made it - also indicated that they never lay on the floor; they were carried and erected.
These statues were set at an angle so that they would have been leaning forward. They found another decisive hint on a research expedition to the isle. At the center of the cylinder caps were ridges that had been created by cables. And there were also debris spread around the statue bases.
"It' like a yo-yo - a yo-yo hoisting a ramp," Lipo said. Some of the bricks used to draw the caps to the top of the sculpture were then removed and scattered around the ground. These statues are not exactly one of a kind on Easter Island, but seem to be part of a wider Polish heritage of building rock tombstones in honor of the forefathers, Lipo said.
However, the statues on Easter Isle are among the biggest and most intricate, complete with carvings of faces, when others only built simple flagstones on more affluent isles. Surprisingly, on a small islet with few natural assets and a countryside unsuitable for farming, the villagers would be building large statues.
But it makes a great deal of good for Lipo. How better to reinforce the ties between the peoples of the Isle than to take on an almost unimaginable role together time and again.