Christmas Island Kiribati MapKiribati Christmas Island Map
Bomb tests on Christmas Island
In January and February 1956, H.M.N.Z.S. Lachlan took the first steps in selecting Christmas Island as a bomb site when he organized a poll to "update the information related to the International Geophysical Year". An application was made in March to clear the airport's airstrips and in early April the information was given that the UK government was to build an "Air Base" on Christmas Island and the codename " Gripple " was given.
code: Until July there were two thousand seamen, troops and aviators on the island, apart from the crew of the ships in the harbour and the civil scientists. Reception stops have been set up on the islands of Malden and the island of Funen. Air photo of Christmas Island with a NASA Space Shuttle.
First there were proposals from the government of Gilbert and Ellice Islands (now the Republic of Kiribati and Tuvalu) to evacuate the Isle, but that was considered useless, and in fact extra labourers were sent to work by the armed forces. In February 1957, however, all the men and woman and children and most of the personnel of the plantations were moved to the city of Frankfurt, where they stayed until 22 June.
Valiant attackers successfully launched three nukes in the mega ton region and detonated between May 15 and June 19 on about 18,000 ft about 30 nautical leagues southward of the Isle. Twenty-three members of the administration and works of the plantations who had stayed on the Isle were taken aboard a navy landing craft for the early night explosion, while watching a movie show below deck.
Evacuating of all the army staff, apart from a janitorial team, began in July, but it has now been decided in England to expand the island as a 5-year trial base. A twenty-mile long tarmac highway was constructed from London to the airport, leading another thirty-five simple-width mile to the southeast tip.
Cabin storage sites with hydroelectric plants, plumbing and sanitary and leisure amenities were set up three leagues westward of the airport - "Main Camp" - and in London - "Port Camp" - to accommodate a combined four thousand men at the height of the construction and operating work. There were two more H-bomb explosions in November 1957 and another between April and September 1958.
They were not evacuated to flying island for these trials, but all were taken to offshore vessels - except at the point of some low-power bombs, when even that was not deemed necessary. The Duke of Edinburgh paid a visit to the base during a Pacific tour in April 1959. Discussions about a ban on further bombing operations in the Geneva airspace kept activities to a minimum.
Now Christmas Island was planned as a Far East shipping point and R.A.F. Transport Command took over. Geneva failed and American defense leaders pressed for the retrial. Eventually President Kennedy agreed and Britain agreed that they should be performed on Christmas Island, which now received another codename -'DOMINIC'.
Fifty men from the US company Holmes and Narver came to re-activate the main camp on February 15, 1962, and within two short days more than 800 US soldiers and civil servants were on the Isle. The number of employees increased sharply, 3,500 of whom were employed in the UK and the US by the date of the first "shot" on 25 April.
There were twenty-four "shots" in the show between that time and July 11. Further testing took place on Johnston Iceland 1,200 northeast and on July 8, it was found that the nightly height blast on Christmas island was clearly discernible. For the next test, the eviction soon dropped below half and only about a third of the population, complete with all of the kids, left the Isle at the end of the show.
In early 1963 there was a rumour that a U.S. fixed position would be set up on Christmas Island, but interest was waning and by the end of September the last U.S. soldiers had left. The UK also changed its strategy and the Christmas Island bases were an early victim of the retreat of the UK forces from Pacific theater.
In April 1970, the US waiters resurfaced very briefly to be available on Christmas Island for the splash-down of the Apollo 13 crews coming back from the North. The year 1975 saw a further study of Christmas Island carried out by US specialists in the context of preparations for the construction of a Japan based travel monitoring system.
Reporting that the level of radiation was lower than in most US towns, there was nothing on the islands that could have led an agent to conclude that there had ever been a nuclear explosion nearby. We focused our testing on British Christmas Island just off the coast and our own Johnston Isle, 700 leagues south-west of Honolulu, 100 aircraft and 40 vessels had three missions.
This year' s show will feature shooting, some air borne charges (foreground), others from Johnston Island (back left) and a Polaris rocket from the underwater subship Ethan Allen (back). We' ll try out new types of bomb and new designs from them in the aircrafts over Christmas Island and measure their effectiveness with high-flying "sniffer" airplanes and with delicate instrumentation on the island and on inland ships.
Russians targeted much of their testing last autumn, and we need to know again how seriously atomic explosions can disrupt our defence - or that of our antagonists. We too are shooting-witheads and electronic gear from Johnston Island to find out what happens to them when other near missiles explode - and help us determine whether we should be spending millions of US Dollar to make a rocket.
The majority of the images in the show will go far into the skies to minimise radioactive precipitation; the amount of exposure they generate should be much lower than in the last few years. We expect our run to last two to three month, firing 25 to 30 shells.
However, the US has made it very clear that if the Russians do the same thing again in the future - and finally agreed to a practical method to prevent everyone from fraud. to get the latest messages, information and website upgrades! then click on the'Sign up' link for your free NEWSLER!
For Christmas (Kiritimati) Island, Line Islands and Phoenix Group, please do not hesitate to do so: please do not hesitate to do so: please do not hesitate to do so: we will be happy to help you: The Gatwick Aviation Museum in England has a rare compilation of UK airplanes from the "golden age" of UK avionics. Between the end of the Second World War and the 1970s, some of the most progressive and innovating airplanes of that time were manufactured by UK airplane manufacturers.