Chatham nzChatam nz
Homeland of the Moriori
Chatham Islands evoke a vision of secluded oceanic wild life and are known for their abundant sea food and amazing sea and game. Chatham Islands were first populated by the Moriori. Moriori's offspring still lives on the Chatham Islands; Kopinga Marae testifies to a revival of their civilization.
The Chatham Island Council - A Lasting Futures for Our Peoples and Our Islands Project
Wellcome to the website of the Chatham Island Board. We have the smallest community in New Zealand that serves about 650 residents on Chatham Island and Pitt Island. All the other group' isles are deserted. We have now finished the feed-back on the design for the control and keeping of poultry, bees and pigs and the 2018 border fence - many thanks to everyone who had the same thoughts with us.
The Chatham Islands Conservation Board: According to area
Chatham Islands Preservation Board defends the interests of the Fellowship - the Community's vote for nature protection in the Chatham Islands. Chatham Island Board's primary task is to monitor the realization of the CMC Strategy and to give the Department of Cervation a collaborative approach.
Executive Board: advising the division on all aspects of nature protection managment on the major islands of Chatham, Pitt Island and environs.
News | News from NZ Herald
Drivers are warned by law enforcement against reading and driving on videotape after an accident on the highway. My father would leave a deterrent message: "I'm going to die with my two children." How do we determine what they are valuable when we are preparing for next week's strikes? She' s stolen $18,000 worth of merchandise and the cops are looking for her.
in Chatham Island, eastern New Zealand | Eco-regions
Chatham is a small group of sub-Antarctic islets with a uniquely and amazingly abundant biodiversity: the Chatham is home to 20 per cent of New Zealand's endangered birds and 14 per cent of endangered flora (NZDOC and a). Situated 800 km eastwards of the South Isle, this secluded Pacific was one of the last places in the Pacific that was frequented by people.
Foreign types and extensive Rodungen ravaged both the vegetation as well as the indigenous bird world. In recent years there has been significant restoration work to re-establish indigenous eco-systems and some tragic achievements, such as the Chatham Island dark red (Petroica traversi), which had shrunk to only one brood couple by 1980 (Molloy 1994).
Located 800 km eastwards of Christchurch, New Zealand (43 S, 176 W), this island is composed of two populated Isles, Chatham and Pitt Island, and about 40 small isles and cliffs. Buoyant volcanism created the island almost 80 million years ago, and the island is a mixture of igneous stone, slate and lime.
The Chatham Island, like most oceans, does not live in extreme temperatures, but the island is exposed to long rainy seasons and strong wind. Chatham's humid climate, geological and topographic variety and rich soil have all helped to develop an unmistakable and varied flower population.
More than 90 per cent of the island was occupied by a large amount of woodland, brushwood and heather. Chatham woodland is similar to the Kermadec Island, Norfolk Island and New Zealand continental shelf, while the Chatham moorland is very similar to the wildlife of other sub-Antarctic archipelagos such as Campbell Island, the Snares and the Solander Islets.
These areas are home to indigenous species such as forget-me-not (Myosotidium hortensia), an indigenous species of fluff (Phormium spp.), roautini (Brachyglottis huntii), Chatham Islands cakaha ( "Astelia chathamica") and smooth spear grass (Aciphylla dieffenbachii) (NZDOC undatiert c). Chatham Island's long insulation is mirrored in the lack of beech (Nothofagus) and podocarp.
Chatham Islands supports 338 indigenous terrestrial crops, 47 of which are indigenous to the archipelago. Indigenous flora has evolved in many ways to adapt to the cold, humid and winds. Thus, the Dracophyllum tree (Dracophyllum arboreum) has wind-resistant pinstripes, the Dracophyllum trees have protective hairy foliage and branches and megaherbs like the Chatham Islands forget-me-not and the Embergeria granifolia (giant mammal thistle) have huge leaf.
The Chatham Island caramu (Coprosma chathamica) and the treetree korumiko (Hebe barkeri), both the biggest in their genus; and the akeak ( "Olearia traversii"), one of the biggest treeflowers on the planet (NZDOC sowieated c). Chatham's Chatham Island birdlife is one of a kind and diverse. The Chatham Island and its guanos have contributed to the creation of the rich soil found on the island today with the resting and breeding of thousands of sea birds.
One of the most interesting specimens is Pterodroma magtae (Taiko), a unique example from 1867. In 1978 the Tajikos were re-discovered in the thick woods of Chatham Island (Crockett 1994). Chatham Islands also boast a wide range of wetlands, which include canards, stelzen, sags and mudflats.
The fossil record shows that there were over 20 storm birds, but 8 of them became extinct after the Moriori arrived (Molloy 1994). Altogether 29 of the 67 birds and sub-types included here were wiped out by Europe's advent, another 8 were wiped out after Europe's accession (Stattersfield et al. 1998).
Following colonization in Europe the following types and subtypes were eliminated: the Chatham Island bell bird (Anthornis meltanura melanocephala), Chatham Island fern bird (Megalurus rufescens), Diffenbach's rail area ( (Gallirallus dieffenbachii), Chatham Island track (Gallirallus modestus), Seven-endemic species or sub-specis of land bird still surf in the islands: Prosthemadera naturelandiae pathamensis (Chatham Island tui), Hemiphaga noveseelandiae pathamensis (Chatham Island Dove), Gerygone Albofronta, Chatham Island singer, Chatham Island pigeon,
Chatham Island and Chatham Island Snipe and Chatham Island Chatham (Petroica makrocephala chathamensis) and Chatham Island Blakerville. Endangered marine birds worldwide are the Chatham Island mussel fisherman (Haematopus CHATAMENSIS VU), Chatham Island Snipes (Coenocorypha Ppusilla VU), Chatham Island Petrels (Pterodroma Axisllaris CR) (Hilton-Taylor 2000). Out of the 750 to 800 described Chatham Island insect pests, about twenty per cent are NZDOC (NZDOC denatured b).
The habitat degradation and the introduction of imported animals have resulted in the extinction of many endangered and decimated endangered wildlife. The most endemic animals live only on isolated huts like Mangere and Rangatira, although a few still live in woodland reservations on the major isles. Those were some of the last Pacific inhabited isles.
Moriori, Maori and Europeans were mixed and brought about 800 inhabitants who still live on the islands of Chatham and Pitt (NZDOC a). The colonisation of humans has resulted in devastating practice such as the large-scale grubbing-up of agricultural and agricultural crops and the import of foreigners. Swine, game, horse, goat, Trichosurus volpecula (Australian possum) and smaller animal such as rat and mouse have damaged the indigenous habitats of the Chatham Islands.
New Zealand's Department of conservation administers 7 per cent of the Chathams Islands and coordinates a ecosystem of at least 40 public and private reservations, among them several fenced-in reservations on Chatham Island, where indigenous tarahinau woods are successfully regenerated. The most important protected areas of the island of Mangere and Rangatira.
Each of the state-owned islets is kept free of all imported carnivores and parasites and the visitors' entrance is closely monitored. Now Mangere Island is supporting a rest of ackeake wood and thriving community of bush Daisy, Ice Plants (Disphyma spp.), Koromico and Mega Herbs such as Colossal Mammal Thistle and Lemongrass.
Mangere' s regenerative habitat provides shelter for the vulnerable Chatham Islands Blacks Robin, Chatham Islands Snipes and Forbes Sheathe. Sea birds return to the isle and petrels and shorts are well known. Rangogeatira Iceland, like Mangere Iceland, was once almost entirely grubbed up for agriculture, but the indigenous forest on the islands has shown a noteworthy recreation in the last 40 years.
Chatham islands of Ribonwood (Plagianthus divaricatus), Maoe (Melicytus ramiflorus), Macaque and Fluff have been flourishing since the extraction of the island's indigenous stocks. Vulnerable invertebrates such as the Rangatira spreader, the Chathams gigantic click beetles ( "Amychus spp."), the Pitt Iceland long horn ( "Xyloteles costatus") and the huge stave fly can be found here, and the indigenous skin ks are abound.
It is inhabited by several million sea birds, among them Common Fulvetta (Oceantidae), Puffinus griseus, Common Broad-billed Prion (Pachyptila vittata) and the highly vulnerable Chatham Fulmar, which only hatches on Rangatira (NZDOC sowieated b). Rangoonatira is best known for his part in the salvage of the Chatham Islands. In the 70s this type almost died out due to the extinction of habitats and robbery by imported animals, and by 1981 the number had been decreased to 5 specimens (Merton 1990).
Rotkehlchen were moved to Rangatira, and an intense Department of Conservation programme helped to increase the size of the city. Now, robin were brought back from Rangatira to Mangere Island. In spite of recent Chatham Island triumphs, many wildlife varieties and habitat are in crisis.
Humane activity such as grubbing-up, stamping and pasturing by native populations and the proliferation of alien plant and animal life pose a threat. Climatic changes can threaten an indigenous variety of the albatross, Diomedea apputa edemita (Stattersfield et al. 1998). It is possible to extract turf for heating oils and growth in the peat-rich Chatham Islands, although the present price on the markets does not make it very viable (given in 1995).
The Chatham Island fish are highly susceptible to dying out due to their limited distribution and small population. Introducing alien endemic wildlife has destroyed indigenous habitat and continues to pose a threat to indigenous people. As the Department of Conservation and community land owners work together, the Chatham Island wildlife should still be recovering from the initial effects of population.
Chatham Island Temperate Forest is fully compliant with the Chatham Islands' Centre of Plant Diversity (given 1995) and the Chatham Islands' Endeemic Botanical Area (Stattersfield et al. 1998). Rediscover Chatham Island Taiiko Pterodroma magenta. IUCN 2000 Red List of Endangered Species. Chatham Island Black Robin. The world' s endless birdwatchers.
Death of birds and fossils from Mangere Island, Chatham Islands.