Caroline Islands PopulationPopulation of the Caroline Islands
Karolinen | Postage and stamp collections
are in the northwest Pacific. Most of the local population is Micronese. In the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, the first Europeans to discover the islands were the Spanish and Portugueses. The islands were occupied by Spain, but it did not set up. At the end of the nineteenth centuary, when Germany became interested in the islands, the Pope conveyed the dispute between Spain and Germany.
In 1885 the Pope gave the Caroline Islands to Spain, whereby Germany had the right to establish trading post on the islands. Spain's subsequent establishment on the islands was short-lived. Following the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain had to give up its headquarters in the Pacific, the Philippines.
Spain then opted to leave the Pacific and in 1899 the Caroline Islands were bought by Germany. Yap-based Arno Senfft was the first regional commissar to be named for the Western Caroline Islands in 1899. Germans split the Caroline Islands into two quarters - the East and West Caroline Islands - both of which were managed by the New Guinea settlement.
Japan invaded the islands at the beginning of the First World War in 1914. In 1919 Germany officially surrendered the islands through the Versailles Agreement. The Caroline Islands were included in the mandate of the South Pacific League of Nations managed by Japan in 1920. In 1936, when Japan abandoned the League of Nations, the islands were incorporated as an integrated part of the Japanese-era.
The United States invaded the islands during World War II in 1944-1945. The islands were then incorporated into the United Nations Trusts territory of the Pacific Islands, managed by the United States. In 1986 and 1994 the Caroline Islands were established from the fiduciary territories as separate states of Micronesia and Palau.
The economic life of the tribal population has long been dependent on sub-sistence farming and fisheries. Because of the natural resource used, it cannot be assumed that Spain and Germany, as colonising countries, have made significant investment in the islands' economies. Its population is largely tribal and is subdivided into sub-groups, which focus on the most important isles.
The population of the Truk Islands - today Chuuk Islands - is the biggest group. In 1899 the Germans opened the first postal service on the Caroline Islands. The postage-prints were published until 1919 - long after the Caroline Islands were invaded by Japan. Since 1914 the use of japanes e-stamps and since 1945 american ones.