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The Bouma National Park: Fiji, Taveuni Island - Sights in Bouma National Park: Cheap Taveuni Island, best travel season, bookings, sightseeing tips, activities in Bouma National Park: Island Taveuni, pictures
The Bouma National Parc on the island of Taveuni is one of Fiji's most popular tourist sites. Bouma National Park's primary goal is to save the abundant rainforest blanket from the people. Tavoro falls, a group of three waterfalls just an hour's walk from the major street, are the major tourist feature of the area.
It' also an ideal place for walking and walking. Bouma Falls Trail and Lavena Coastal Walk are the two well-tended trails in the area. We recommend that you take an experienced tour leader with you when walking on these and other non-marked trails.
The Beyond Wood: Socially, economically and culturally dimensioned non-wood product in Asia and the Pacific
Green Tourism is founded on the idea of using nature sustainably, which is promoted by the World Conservation and Sustainability Strategies of the World Commission on Environment and Developpment. Over the last two centuries, ecological travel has developed out of the interplay between the world around us and the tourist industry. It should be relatively unspoilt, non-degradable, non-harmful, properly managed and directly contributing to the further conservation and exploitation of the area used.
Eco-tourism patterns around the globe differ in their prejudices. In Fiji, there is a tendency to adopt a prejudiced approach that takes into account the commitment of the grassroots as a prejudice, as members of rural areas are usually land owners. Fiji's government acknowledges that eco-tourism has the capacity not only to create good jobs, incomes and businesses for the locals, but also to act as a catalyser for the conservation of the countryside and native cultur.
The Fiji is a 300-island island group stretching over the 1. With 75 per cent of the world' s inhabitants, the mountains make up 87 per cent of the country' s 18,330m². Fiji's 1992 estimate of 750,000 inhabitants at a densitiy of 39 persons per km2 hides a denseness of over 170 persons per km2 on farmland.
Fiji's 1,750 autochthonous vegetation carries a much higher organic load than other local groups such as Tonga, Samoa, Vanuatu or the Cook Isles. In Fiji there are 57 local birds, 23% of which are inhuman. Fiji's forest covers approximately 1,067,310 ha (both of nature and plantations), representing 58 per cent of the area.
Nearly all woods are municipallyowned. More than 300 different types of flora per sq. m. are known. Currently, the rate of deforestation due to money cropping, urbanization and smallholder agriculture is around 1 per cent per year. However, as developments accelerate, the harm can soon be irreversible if sustainability is not anchored at the grassroots and decision-making level.
Today, Fiji's landholding system is at the centre of Fiji's use. About 83 per cent of the area is indigenous and is owned by the Fijian people' s landowners (mataqali) under common municipal ownership. Management and supervision of these properties is the remit of the NLTB (Native Land Trust Board).
A non-Fijian may not use these estates unless these estates have been abolished with the agreement of both the landlords and the NLTB. Rented plots (i.e. plots that do not meet the immediate needs of the landowner) may be rented to Fijians and non-Fijians for either developing or other use. Government Land Department manages and monitors a further 10 per cent of the country's landhabit.
Real estate accounts for 7 per cent of the country's surface area. Therefore, Fiji property is intimately linked to the story of its owner. "In the last three years, the tourist industry has been the biggest source of GDP in the economy, exceeding sugars. It accounts for around 25 per cent of GDP and is directly and indirect valued at around 14 per cent of GDP (excluding activities created by tourist investments).
Fiji's tourist industry is mainly privately owned. In 1993, income from travel and tourist activities totalled 363.3 million dollars. Fiji's most important sources are Australia and New Zealand. Government tourist efforts have always focused on advertising rather than scheduling. However, the idea of sustainability can receive its greatest encouragement through the intensified growth of ecological travel.
This is also the right moment to promote sustainability in Fiji as part of its national environmental strategy adopted in 1992, which aims to launch a series of new measures in the field of the use of this area. Fiji's re-positioning as an ecological and World Heritage site location is a real one.
Policies for the growth of Fiji's ecological and tourist sector must take into account job creation and landowner incomes, problems in the ownership system, the need to preserve the sensitive nature and the need to preserve the country's rich culture heritages. The Fiji government published a declaration in 1992 in favour of sustainability in the tourist industry.
"The ecological and touristic nature of Fiji promotes visitors' consciousness of the ecological aspects of its unparalleled beauty. Promoting the country's rich culture and ecological Tourism requires the creation of medium standard and backpackers shelters. It is a kind of form of tourism that promotes alternative forms of sustainable travel, is of particular value to more remote areas and provides special possibilities for Fijian Indians to become active in the travel sector, and continues to transfer the benefits of travel to other parts of the state.
Although these small, cultural, privately held, poorly-run, ecologically and historically-used tourist resorts were hardly noticed, they have nevertheless been playing an important part in the evolution of other tourist attractions. Touroperators are trailblazers in the evolution of eco-tourism in Fiji. Tourism Department has participated in tourism promotion with groups.
As early as 1974, the Ministry of Forestry was playing a leading part in the forestry park Colo-i-Suva's recreation and schooling. and the Fiji Museum. The Fiji Trust for Fiji is committed to the maintenance of historic places and building. A great interest in the evolution of ecological travel arose in the early 1980' and 1990', when other organisations, in particular the NLTB, were committed to nature protection through ecological travel.
In Fiji there is a general shortage of co-ordination of the evolution of eco-tourism. However, there is a National Steering Board of the NLTB, which was founded in 1992 to co-ordinate nature protection and the evolution of eco-tourism in the state. The members of this board are members of those divisions that operate or plan to operate eco-tourism.
In 1992, the government also established an ecological tourist department within the Ministry of National Tourist Board. To encourage and encourage the development of tourists to discover Fiji's outstanding nature and culture. At present, the department of ecological travel has three members of staff. One of the Unit's priorities is to formulate and implement a green tourist management strategy, as there are currently no laws providing for directives, ordinances, monitoring or infrastructures.
An indicative list of areas of major importance identified 140 areas with the capacity to be develop for eco-tourism. The suggestion has been made that eco-tourism can offer currency and economical rewards for the conservation of nature's system and game. However, in fact, eco-tourism is also a menace to the resources on which it relies.
Those dangers begin in the design phase, when plants are built, track alignment, streets are built and other infrastructures are set up to receive people. Eco-tourism in Fiji considers the above-mentioned possible conflict and its effects. So far, the environmental impacts of eco-tourism have been negligible, as the number of people visiting these areas is relatively low and it has been suggested that they conserve their natural resource.
So far, the cultural and tradition of eco-tourism has had a beneficial impact. Eco-tourism has revitalised the tradition of dancing, food and entertainment. However, to some extent eco-tourism has also created dissatisfaction among the Fijian tribes, especially when it comes to shared profits from eco-tourism. In the Pacific, the taboos system has historically been an effective way of conserving forests.
Protection and maintenance are only appealing today if the sustained use of the natural asset brings real benefits. Eco-tourism in Fiji is developing on the basis of the recognition that land owners will profit from the creation of incomes (through jobs and commercial opportunities). While eco-tourism in Fiji is a connecting element between the use and maintenance of forestry assets, it will only be active in areas of woodland with special and distinctive characteristics that attract people.
As a result of the new classification of the country's forestry reserves from the latest re-inventory, the area covered by this project has risen to 302,737 ha, of which 264,297 ha is a protective woodland and 38,440 ha is a protective forrest. That is 28 per cent of the entire forested area and 16 per cent of the national territory.
Forestry administration is in charge of the creation and cultivation of residual wood. There are 16 woodland reservations and 8 natural parks with an area of 36,000ha. The areas are statutorily designated according to § 6 of the Forestry Ordinance. 3% of the entire forested area.
NLTB and the Department of Forest have established a financial system of indemnification for landholders who have their forest preserved for their own nation. Compensatory payouts to landlords include a one-off payout depending on the value of the wood and current payouts depending on the value of the soil and renouncing possibilities for further growth such as farming or forestries.
Compensatory measures are not appropriate for each protected area and are not enough to safeguard all areas. You can even promote the mistaken view of nature protection. Successfully engaging locally in nature protection in the long run is dependent both on the conviction of the land owners that nature protection is in their own interest and on specific external assistance.
Forestry Ministry promotes the creation of communal forest reserves to help maintain specialized forest cooperatives. This is an important step for land owners to take advantage of the opportunities offered by eco-tourism programmes and to be part of the decision-making process from the design to the implementation of such programmes.
Enabling landholders to monitor the management of ecotouristic areas strengthens their sovereignty over their lands and assists them to assume more responsibility in the conservation of institutions and forestries. Forestry has been concerned with forestry by providing support in setting up hiking paths or picnics along the model of the Colo-i-Suva Forestpark.
It has been set up and cared for by the department for the last 20 years. More recently, the Department's commitment to the promotion of eco-tourism has been limited to pure technological aid. To preserve and enhance important and in some cases one-of-a-kind elements of Fiji's wealth of nature and heritages.
To establish first-class leisure and tourist offers, which are commercial and profitable, for the pleasure and use of the domestic and foreign visitor. Creating jobs and earning possibilities for land owners locally. This department has been an important player in the field of developing ecological forestry tourist products. In this context, the Bouma Wood Park in Taveuni deserves special mention.
Further stages are currently underway. The department's technological support also helped to develop the Tavuni Hill Cultural and Archaeological Park near Sigatoka. It has been in operation since 1993 and was designed by the Ministry of Tourism. Mt Koroyanitu Forest Park, near Lautoka, was established in 1993 with the Department's design and engineering support.
In addition, the company is investigating the possibility of developing locations within the area. Above mentioned properties are commercially owned and operated by property owners. Volunteer labour by land owners has been a pivotal element in all cases in the project's implementation. We expect that the search for outside funds for eco-tourism will be continued.
Eco-tourism in the countryside has great growth potentials. Although eco-tourism does not currently have a significant economic effect, it can be expected to have a significant effect once other sectors are successfully deployed and fully exploited. Eco-tourism is already contributing to the jobs and incomes of land owners.
It is currently working with other consultancies, in particular NLTB, to broaden and realise this work. This case report describes the design, organisation, management and involvement of local communities in Fiji's eco tourism activities. Bouma Forestpark is a forestry eco-tourism program. It still keeps around 60 per cent of its territory under rainforests.
The largest part of it (11,291 ha) is designated as a forestry reservation, another 4,015 ha as a national park. Typical wooded areas are coastal woods, lowlands and mangrove woods. Taveuni's innate quality and ecological tourist capacity were recognized as early as 1973, when the UNDP-funded Taveuni Fiji Tourist Investment Programme suggested protecting the Taveuni woods for tourist and wildlife protection, with the recreational activities concentrated on the highly-used Tavoro Falls (site of the now-designed Phase 1, Bouma Park).
The following surveys have confirmed our recommendation for the protection of the Taveuni woods and have highlighted their value in terms of protection and naturalism. Nakorovou has been showing its inhabitants a cascade on their lands, about one kilometre from the coast street, for over 20 years. The Nakorovou population turned to NLTB in 1988 for help in setting up a woodland reserve on their lands.
A land-use planning for the Bouma region, which includes the Tavoro Falls recreational area, was prepared in agreement with the land owners and with the involvement of the Ministry of Forestry. The NLTB and the Ministry of Forestry presented the Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area, the first stage of the Bouma Forest Park, to the New Zealand government on government of Bouma on its population' account in May 1990.
New Zealand's government approved funding for the area' s growth and the Ministry of Forestry set up the reserve in early 1991 with the help of land owners. Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area opened in April 1991. Included in the scope of the scheme was the creation and extension of tourism establishments on the basis of several identifiable characteristics of nature, while at the same time guaranteeing the preservation and preservation of monuments and the forested area.
The area offers possibilities for observation of the countryside, photographing, hiking as well as walking, birdwatching, fresh and cold waters and other types of active retreat. To conserve, protect and enhance important and in some cases singular features of Taveuni's wealth of historical and artistic heritages. To establish first-class leisure and tourist offers for the pleasure and use of the domestic and foreign visitor.
To create jobs and livelihoods for the tribal, village and general area of Bouma. Bouma Forest Park emphasizes the commitment of the owners of the lands to the cultural patrimony of the region. Significantly, landholders have started the evolution of ecological travel and are working to develop their country for the benefit of tourists and not for the use of their own biological resource.
Bouma Forest Park is a multi-stage recreational park that includes recreational facilities for each of the four Bouma area towns and people. There are four stages of evolution suggested, depending on the recreational possibilities for each area (Table 2). Situated on the east side of the island of Taveuni, the site borders on the northerly borders of the natural and forest reserves of Taveuni.
The entire country is municipally-held by the four communities that live in four communities, part of which is rented to the government as a nature/forest area. NLTB, the Ministry of Forestry and the Naituku clans have prepared a MOA in order to protect the woods and their natural resource sustainably and thus safeguard the tourist value of the forrests.
The EU strongly obliges all sides to respect the treaty, as it concerns the valuable goods of the country and the words of the population. In Fiji, this kind of treaty can set a model for the creation of a volunteer sanctuary on traditional lands, with landholders benefiting from aid to generate rural livelihoods.
Forest & cultivated landscape, places of cultivation, llodges etc. New Zealand's government has provided generous funding for the first and second phase of Bouma Forest Park. In 1991, a $60,000 donation was made to the Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area and $48,000 to the Lavena Coastal Walk and Recreation Area.
Significant factors and research and development expenses are shown in Chart 3. The New Zealand government has awarded NLTB an extra $20,000 to create and print the Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area brochure and poster. Preparations are currently underway for the third stage, the Navuga Cultural Attraction and Recreation Park.
The Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area (Phase 1) has been commercially owned since its opening in April 1991. Lavena Coastal Walk and Recreation Area (Phase 2) has also been commercially active since June 1994. Every stage is administrated and administrated by a parkmanager, who is also in charge of the parking attendants, Tourguides and a Host.
This parking staff will not be charged more than $50.00/week. It is the responsibility of the project management board to manage, evaluate and control the operation of the farm. Both the county council and the regional head are members, as are the landowners' delegates. It will report directly to the Vanua Bouma Council and the NLTB National Steering Group.
Vanua Bouma Council must be regularly informed about the operations of the reserve. His opinions on the entire farm administration are obtained when important choices are needed. It will be defended by the four Vanua Bouma chieftains. Both the National Board and the NLTB Board for Maintenance and Preservation are an advising and organ with headquarters in Suva.
It is composed of all organizations dealing with forestry and forestry related issues. Included are NLTB, the Ministries of Forestry, Land, Forestry, tourism, Fijian Affairs, Cooperatives and Economic Planning, the Environment Unit, the Development Bank and the National Trust of Fiji. Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Park had 459 or 16 per cent fewer people visiting from July 1992 to June 1993 than in the year before.
Revenue deduced from parking charges of $5. 00 per pax (tourists) and $2. 00 per pax (locals) showed a proportionate decrease during the bout. is an unchecked representation of the Tavoro Falls Amenity and Recreation Area. Cooperatives have already issued the relevant statutes and are in the process of registering the cooperative as such.
This department has been consulting parkmanagers in designing and auditing their account since July 1993. Tavoro Falls Amenity & Recreation Area is a piloting area. The previous achievement is due to the far-sightedness of the land owners in the initiation of the developments and the assistance of the relevant departments and committees.
While it may be too early to forecast the long-term viability of the project, the landlords and the government are confident that it will work. Fiji's tourist industry is already a big deal, but most of it is coastal. Areas like Bouma have significant development potentials for rural development.
It is also an area of great culturality. Being fascinated by the places of culture and nature (and willing to visit them) shows the great growth and growth of a large new local population. Not only did the Bouma district's financial sustainability benefit from the scheme, it also created jobs for the village people.
It is important that the land owners can run and administer the estate as a self-supporting company. Bouma Forestpark is a successful eco-tourism site for several reasons. The decisive point was that the initiation came from the land owners themselves, and that was still a strong point of the projec.
Protecting forests was a second-tier rather than a key driving factor for landholders. They were motivated mainly by the need to live on their forests, which they can now do through naturalism. By now Bouma is gradually acquiring its own global renown. Further progress will be dependent on the readiness of external stakeholders to allow property owners to articulate and realise their own vision for the country's own sustainability without jeopardising the ecological sustainability of the area.
Recently there has been a need for growth in Fiji, driven by the desire of the villagers for more. However, landlords must remain in charge and have a feeling of property in this evolution. It is important to recognise ordinary property. The protection of forests can only be successful if the community landowners' efforts are backed up. Eco-tourism should be developed by the owners of the property and their participation in its realisation and administration is essential for the overall effectiveness of a scheme.
Land owners should be trained to administer their own projects. The goals of the scheme must be clear from the outset and take into consideration the needs of land owners and local communities. Further cooperation with land owners should be promoted so that land owners remain actively involved in all decision-making.
Land owners must derive real benefits from the scheme. Eco-tourism emphasises the conservation of the environment and social responsibility.