sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
"The Bogotá Mejor Para Todos" Bogotá (,, ; Spaniard pronunciation: Bogotá, Distrito Capitol, Bogotá, D.C., and between 1991 and 2000 formerly called the Santafé de Bogotá, is the capitol and biggest town of Colombia, which is managed as Capitol District, although it is often regarded as part of Cundinamarca.
Bogotá is a first-rate territory unit with the same organizational structure as the Colombian divisions. Established on 6 August 1538 by the conqueror of Spain, Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, after a hard quest in the Andes to conquer the Muisca, Bogotá became the new kingdom of Granada.
Muisca were the natives of the area, and named the village where Bogotá was established, Bacatá, which in the native tongue of the Chibcha means "Woman of the Andes". "Furthermore, the term "Andes" in the native Aymara means "shining mountain" and thus reflects the full dictionary meaning of Bogotá as "the woman of the glowing mountain".
" Following the Battle of Boyacá on 7 August 1819, Bogotá became the capitol of the Gran Colombia state. Bogotá has stayed the capitol of the area since the Viceroy of New Granada gained sovereignty over the Spanish Empire and during the foundation of present-day Colombia. Situated in the centre of Colombia, on a plateaus known as the Bogotá Savannah, part of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes.
After Quito and La Paz, it is the third highest city in South America with an altitude of 2,640 meters above sealevel. Bogotá is divided into 20 villages and has an area of 1,587 sq km and a relatively cold weather that is consistent throughout the year.
Bogotá's territory was first inhabited by native populations who moved southwards because of their relationship to the other Chibcha tongues; the Bogotá savannah was the most southern Chibcha-language group that existed from Nicaragua to the Andes in Colombia. One of the few preserved symbols of the Muisca' architectural heritage in El Infiernito outside the Villa de Leyva just outside Bogotá is their know-how in astronomy.
Early inhabitants of today's Bogotá area were hunters and gatherers in the later Pleistocene. Oldest evidences dating to date were found in El Abra (12,500 BP) just outside Zipaquirá. Somewhat later dating archaeological digs in a rocky promontory south west of the town in Soacha yielded an age of ~11,000 BP; Tequendama.
Humans who lived in the savannah of Bogotá in the fifteenth and fifteenth centuries were the Muisca, who spoke Muysccubun, a member of the Chibcha Clan. Upon the invaders' entry, the populations were thought to be half a million Indians in the savannah of Bogotá and up to two million in the Muisca Confederation.
Occupying the highlands and temperate climatic slopes between the Sumava Mountains in the south-west and the snow-capped summit of Cocuy in the north-east, they covered an area of about 25,000 square kilometres, consisting of the plateau of Bogotá, the present Boyacá section and a small Santander area. Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada established Bogotá on 6 August 1538, a traditional date.
Captains Pedro de Arevalo and Jeronimo de Inzar were the first captains of the town. It became the capitol of the later viceroyalty of New Granada. Bogotá became the capitol of Gran Colombia and later the capitol of the Republic of Colombia. At the other side of the Plaza de Bolívar were the chapel and the royal audience.
Today the road connecting Major Plaza and Herbs Plaza - currently Santander Park - was called Calle Real (King's Street), today Carrera Séptima (or "Seventh Street"; counting from the hills to the eastern part of the city). Bogotá remained the main town and the most important centre of the nation, surrounded by administrative and administrative heroes.
The Bogotá is situated in the southeast part of the Bogotá Savana ( "Sabana de Bogotá") at an elevation of 2,640 meters (8,660 feet) above see height. 7 ] The Bogotá Savannah is commonly known as the "Savannah". Eastern Hills, which restrict urban development, run from southern to northern and make up the Guadalupe and Monserrate hills just beyond the centre.
Bogotá River is the west boundary of the town. Sumapaz Paramo (Moorland) is bordered to the southern side and to the northern side Bogotá stretches over the plain to the cities of Chía and Sopó. Although the cityscape in the centre of the capital is centred on the centre of a squares typically found in Spanish established communities, the structure is becoming progressively more contemporary in remote neighbourhoods.
Actual road type is categorized as Calles (roads) that run horizontal from westward to eastward, with road numbers rising northward and southward (with the extension "Sur") from Calle 0 in the southern direction. The number of vertical routes from Carrera (roads) is growing from northeast to southwest, and the number of vertical routes from eastward to westward is growing.
In the south-east of the town, the address is naturally sur-este. The other kinds of streets that are more frequent in newer neighbourhoods can be called eje (axis), diagonal or transversal. A few of the major streets of Bogotá that have a number and their own name are: It is the capitol of the Republic of Colombia and is home to the Congress, the Supreme Court, the Centre of Execution and the President's Palace (Casa de Nariño).
This building and the mayor's office, the Palace of Lievano (Palacio Liévano), are only a few metres apart in the Plaza de Bolívar. Situated in the historic centre of the town, La Candelaria, the course offers colonial and baroque Spain architectural style.
Bogotá Mayor and Town Council - both voted by the people - are in charge of the municipal authorities. There are 20 villages in the town: The Bogotá is the most important business and industry centre in Colombia. Bogotá is one of the major targets of these imported goods, and the Columbian authorities promote the export of investment goods.
The area also has most of the inns in the town. Near Ciudad Salitre, the hotel is designed for those who stay for shorter periods in Bogotá and near El Dorado International Airport. In Bogotá, important sights and touristic stations are the José Celestino Mutis Botanic Gardens, La Quinta de Bolivar, the Spanish Astronomical Institute, the Maloka Planetary, the Colpatria Viewpoint, the La Calera Viewpoint, the Memorial to the US Flag and La Candelaria (the historic part of the city).
Salitre Magico has plenty of park and theme park, such as Salitre Magico and Mundo Aventura. Large hotels have been set up in the town since the 2000s. Bogotá has a great variety of cultures that come from different parts of the territory, which allows tourists to experience the country's multicultural character without having to visit other towns, including restaurants and various festivities.
Bogotá's business sector has been revived by the construction of new commercial centres in recent years. Until December 2011 more than 160 new Malles are planed in supplement to the 100 already installed. In Bogota there are several TV companies like Canal Capital and Citytv which are locals, Canal 13 is a region and the nationals Caracol TV, RCN TV, Canal Uno, Canal Institucional and Señal Colombia.
There are several CATV satellites such as Telefónica, Claro and DirecTV and several dish satellites offering several hundred global channel as well as several Bogota channel exclusives. Bogota has all the main regional radionets available, both AM and FM; 70% of FM transmitters provide RDS support.
The Bogotá also has three free papers, two Spanish, ADN and Publimetro, and one English, The Bogota Post. Bogotá's layers of society were split up as follows and used comprehensively by the authorities as a benchmark for the development of community programmes, statistics and, to some extent, for land allocation.
Bogotá's expansion has put a burden on streets and motorways, but since 1998 considerable effort has been made to improve infrastructures. The Bogotá is a junction for national and foreign buses. Bogotá Airport services most of Colombia's cities and is the biggest there is.
By 2030, the system should have covered the whole town. While the Transmilenio will take you to many places in the town, it is more costly (0.80 US$ or 2300 COP) than all means of transportation except taxi. The Guaymaral is another small international aerodrome on the north border of Bogota.
Colombia's Bogotá is the largest and most complete cycling town. The Bogotá or Ciclorutas de Bogotá cycling path in Spanish, planned and constructed under the direction of the mayors Antanas Mockus and Enrique Peñalosa, is also one of the most complete in the whole wide range of the planet and the most complete in Latin America.
Bogotá introduced a healthful custom known as " Ciclovia ", in which the main motorways are shut from 7:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. on Sunday and bank holiday, so people cycle to get around and explore the town. The same way as in December, the same overnight event is held, there are some specific events such as pyrotechnics, road theatre shows and road meals, to name but a few.
The first mule-drawn streetcar to travel from Plaza de Bolívar to Chapinero was opened on 25 December 1884, and the line between Plaza de Bolívar and La Sabana Station began running in 1892. 1894 there was a streetcar every 20 min on the Bogotá-Chapinero line. In the end, the streetcar system expanded to most of the town and its outskirts.
However, during the Bogotazo unrest of 1948, the system was severely damaged and had to shut down. The majority of tram lines were finally cobbled, but uncovered lines can still be seen on many of the city's older streets, especially in the inner cities and in the area of La Candelaria, although it has been about 70 years[when? ] since any cars have driven with them.
Well-known as the Athens of South America, Bogotá has an elaborate system of elementary, middle and higher schooling. Because of the steady emigration of migrants to the country's main city, the provision of free public quota for accessing training is often inadequate.
It also has a varied system of higher educational establishments and individual schooling. There were 114 higher educational establishments in 2002; in Bogotá there are several higher educational establishments, most or all of which are NAC (National Accreditation Council) accredited: Colombia National University, University of the Andes, Colombia, Bogotá District University, La Salle University, Colombia, La Sabana University, Pontifical Xavierian University, Our Lady of the Rosary University, Universidad Externado de Colombia,
Nueva Granada, Université d'Amérique, Université Sergio Arboleda, Université Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Université pilote de Colombie, Université catholique de Colombie, Université Saint Thomas d'Aquin et Universidad Pedagógica Nacional. Teusaquillo has a university town on the National University of Colombia grounds in the historic Teusaquillo area. This is the biggest in Colombia and one of the biggest in Latin America.
78 ] In the 15 years of its existence, the show has been so popular that the town has taken the lead in other musical styles, leading to other current festival events such as Salsa in the Park, Hip Hop in the Park, Ballet in the Park, Opera in the Park and Jazzy in the Park.
Columbia's Kids' Choice awards are the most important [by whom?] accolades in the town of Nickelodeon and the first was given in 2014 by vocalist Maluma and in Corferias the Corferias Award was the home of shows by Austin Mahone, Carlos Pena, Don Tetto and Riva among others.
José Asunción Silva (1865-1896), the modernist forerunner, gave Bogotá to the Spanish-speaking people. Although there have been efforts to solidify a contemporary language of architectures, the only instances are University City and White City at the National University of Colombia (built 1936-1939). There are also tendencies in Burgotan architechture such as artistic decoration, expressiveness and organically designed architechture.
Bogotan designers in the second half of the 20th centuries characterized this latest fashion as Rogelio Salmona. BD Bacatá was opened in 2015, exceeding the Colpatria Tower and becoming the highest structure in the country and Colombia. Bogotá was declared the world capital of books by UNESCO in 2007.
85 ] Bogotá is the first Latino capital to obtain this distinction and the second in North and South America after Montreal. What distinguishes it is its programmes, its collection of libraries and the existence of organisations that work in a co-ordinated way to encourage the development of literature and literacy in the town. A number of special activities for the World Book Capital Programme have been carried out with the involvement of groups, both publicly and privately, active in the publishing world.
Biblored is located in the town, an institute that manages 16 small and four large municipal collections (Biblioteca Virgilio Barco, Biblioteca El Tintal, Biblioteca El Tunal and Biblioteca Julio Mario Santodomingo). There are also six branch offices of the Colsubsidio Family Compensation Fund Library Network and a number of library and documentary centres linked to organisations such as the Museo Nacional de Colombia (National Museum of Colombia, specialising in old literature, catalogues and art), the Museum of Modern Arts, the Alliance Française and the Centro Colombo Americano.
Colombia's National Library (1777), under the Ministry of Culture and the Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango (1958), under the Bank of the Republic, are the city's two biggest publicsliccaries. The Bank of the Republic also relies on the library Alfonso Palacio Rudas, just north of the town, with about 50 thousand vol.
Further large publicsector collections include the Colombian Library of Congress (with 100,000 volumes), the Instituto Caro y Cuervo (with nearly 200,000 books the biggest collection of philology and linguistics in the Americas ), the Academy of Philology The Library of the Academy of Language, the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and Historical ICANH and many universities.
The Bogotá site houses historic recordings kept in the General National Archives, a library of some 60 million originals, one of the biggest archives of original Latin American historic origin. In Bogotá there is also the Music Archive of the Cathedral of Bogotá (with thousand of albums and choir singing - Kolonialzeit), the Archdiocesan Archive, the Archive of the Conciliar Seminary of Bogotá, the Archive History of the National University of Colombia and the Archive of the Mint in Bogotá, under the supervision of the Bank of the Republic.
In addition to the Ibero-American Theatre International Competition, the biggest theatre event in the whole planet, the town has 45 theatres and a symbolic building, the restored Teatro Jorge Eliecer Gaitan (currently the highest in South America ), the Auditorium León de Greiff (home of the Bogotá Philharmonic Orchestra) and the open-air theatre "La Media Torta", where concerts are also staged.
Numerous other theatre events, regionally and locally, are held and keep the whole region alive throughout the year. The Bogotá has its own Filmfestival, the Filmfestival Bogotá and many theatres showing both modern movies and artistic theatres. La Candelaria is the most important centre of culture in the town, the historical centre of the town, with a concentrated network of colleges and schools.
Bogotá was named Ibero-American Capital of Culture in 2007. Ashkenazi's principal Hebrew temple (there are a grand aggregate of 4 temples in Bogotá) is situated on Route 94 (also known as State of Israel Avenue). The Eastern Orthodox and Anglican cathedrals of San Pablo, the parent churches of the Bishops' Basilica in Colombia, are both in Chapinero.
Bogotá Colombia Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is situated in the district of Niza. Four Buddhist centres are to be found in the northern part of the town. In various parts of the town there are also a number of protestant chapels, among them the Bogotá Baptistery, the non-denominational Union Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Matthaus, which conducts worship service for the German-Colombian communion in English and Span.
In Bogotá there is a wide range of restaurant offering traditional and foreign meals. Bogotá's traditional recipes are ajiaco,  a broth cooked with hen, a wide range of mashed potatoes, corncobs and cabbage, mostly garnished with whipped cream and cabbage, avocados and travel sauce.
The tamale is a very old-fashioned bogotá meal. Feige with Arquipe, Strawberry with Sahne, Posthere de NATO and Celajada con Mellao are some of the most important deserts available in the town. Carajillo is another popular drink made from a mixture of Colombian coffees (tinto) and aguardiente. Bogotá has a number of beautiful gardens, many with concert, theatre, film, storytelling and other activity venues.
Some of the best places to eat and drink in the town are in this area, the parks are known all over the globe like the Columbian Pike Place, which has the first Starbucks in the whole state and Carls Jr. as well. Located in the northern part of Bogotá, in the Tocancipá community, Parque Jaime Duque has amusement parks, a huge chart of Colombia, famous exhibitions, a large animal sanctuary and a large palm that holds the earth as a symbol of God.
Bogotá's inhabitants like the tourists' trains for excursions to the remote cities of Zipaquirá, Cajicá and Nemocón along the former Bogotá Savannah Railway. A further line leads 47 km to the northern direction and ends in Briceño. Usaquén Park is one of the city's most important park, home to several of the city's best dining establishments, famous for its buskers such as story tellers, mages, jumpers, etc., and for being one of the most ornate Christmas gardens in the town.
Bogotá's Regional Institute for Leisure and Sport supports leisure, sport and use of park in Bogotá. Soccer has been proclaimed the symbolic game of Bogotá and is widespread in the town. We have three professionally run nightclubs in the town, Santa Fe, Millonarios and La Equidad. Camacho El Campín's capital is the Campín Stadion (Estadio Nemesio Camacho El Campín), home to the Santa Fe and Millonarios sides, in 2001 the Campín Stadion was the site of the 2001 Copa América finals between Colombia's international and Mexico's international sides, a 1-0 win for the home side and the first ever European Championship.
The first Bolivarian Games took place in Bogotá in 1938. In 2004 the town organized the national games and won the league title. Moreover, the town is on the itinerary of the Tour of Colombia. Exactly 142 years after these occurrences, on 9 October 1952, the Bogotá flagship was formally recognized for the patriotic bracelet by 1952 Legislative Order 555.
Bogotá's hymn text is by Pedro Medina Avendaño; the tune is by Roberto Pineda Duque. Aníbal Fernandez de Soto, then Mayor of Bogotá, proclaimed the hymn on 31 July 1974 by official decision 1000. He and Bogotá have entered into a partnership: The Bogotá is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capitals of 12 October 1982, which establishes fraternal links with the following cities:
Similar to the Twins programs, there are other ways of working together and becoming friends with cities: Hop up "Consulta de la Norma:". Alcaldiabogota.gov.co. Retrieved June 19, 2017. Skip up ^ "Bandera, Escudo e Himno de Bogotá - Instituto Distrital de Turismo". bogotaturismo.gov.co. Archived from the originals on March 5, 2017.
Returned on June 19, 2017. Leap up ^ "Population estimates 1985 - 2005 and population forecasts 2005 - 2020 Communal total by area (estimate)". Returned on February 10, 2017. Hop up ^ Henderson, James D.; Delpar, Helen; Brungardt, Maurice Philip; Richard N. Weldon (2000). Returned on August 5, 2011. Hop up to: a at Duncan Smith.
"Cosmopolitan population 1950 - 2030". Returned on December 18, 2015. Hop up to: a in " light, big city. Returned on December 23, 2015. Skip up to: a y "Bogotá una yiudad Andina" (in Spanish). The Town Hall of yogotá. Bounced 2010-11-19. Poblacion Municipal DANE.
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Hop up ^ "2014 GLOBAL METRO MONITOR MAP". brookings.edu. Returned on February 6, 2016. Skip up ^ "El Dorado International Airport". eldorado.aero. Returned on September 9, 2016. Skip to top ^ "2014 Global Cities Index and Emerging Cities Outlook". atkearney.com. Returned on January 5, 2016. Skip to the top ^ "GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2016".
Returned on April 15, 2017. Skip up to: a o Rodríguez, J.F. (1982). The Ramp (in Spanish). Medellín, Colombia: Hop up "Moors in Latin America." Brought back on October 1, 2010. Hop up ^ "Climate: The Bogotá - climatic diagram, temperature diagram, climatic table". Brought back on October 8, 2013. Skip up to: a to " weather base:
Historic weather for Bogota, Colombia". Brought back on October 18, 2011. Skip up to: a y a y a " Promedios 71-00 " (in Spanish). Brought back on October 18, 2011. Skip up ^ "Microsoft Word - PerfilMunicipal. doc" (PDF). Bounced 2013-03-12-12. Skip up ^ "Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (DANE)". dane.gov.co. ^ "Microsoft Word - PerfilMunicipal. doc" (PDF).
Bounced 2014-06-03. Hop up to "Bogotá's Corruption Lesson." Returns 2008-12-28. Skip per Sie hoch ^ "Seguridad, caiudadanía y políticas fúblicas en Bogotá" (auf Spanisch). Archives from the orginal on 22 June 2009. Returned on December 29, 2008. Skip up ^ "Bogotá confirms historically low murder rate" (in Spanish). Returned on January 2, 2018.
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Returned on November 30, 2017. Bogota will become a full member of the BestCities Global Alliance". traveldailynews.com. Returned May 26, 2016. Skip up ^ "Bogotá, Colombia Profile". bestcities.net. Returned May 26, 2016. Skip up ^ "World Summit of Nobel Peace Prize Winners". bogota-nobelpeacesummit.com. Brought back on October 8, 2017. Skipen Sie hoch ^ "One Young World 2017 Bogotá Agenda". oneyoungworld.com.
Brought back on October 8, 2017. Leap up ^ "Chapinero Falls - Hiking at a hidden place in Bogotá - Review of Andes EcoTours, Bogota, Colombia - TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.com. Returned 2015-09-17. Skip up ^ "Alameda de Quebrada Vieja (Bogota, Colombia): Returned 2015-09-17. Hop up ^ "Colombia rises? Skip up to: a g h e PROGRESO DE COLOMBIA.
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Returned on December 29, 2008. Spring hoch ^ "Bogotanos olvidaron para fue créado el Día sin carro" (auf Spanisch). Archives from the orginal on August 20, 2008. Returned on December 29, 2008. Hop up ^ King, Danny (February 26, 2014). "Bogotas residents give up cars in the first car-free week." green.autoblog.com. autobloggreen.
Returned on August 28, 2014. Hop up ^ "Bogota El Nuevo Dorado BOG Bogota Airports - Bogota, Colombia". ifly.com. Skip up ^ "Bogota should have the second internationalport by 2021". Columbia reported. Bounced back on February 1, 2015. Skip high ^ "Colombia relocate the air base to upgrade El Dorado Airport". Columbia reported. Returned on January 9, 2014.
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Filarmonica de Bogotá "Philarmonic Timeline" filed on January 5, 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ Rock in the Park "15th Edition of the Concert is over" Skip up ^ Inter Press Service "COLOMBIA: Please open your book, Bogotá" filed on March 29, 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
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The Mezquita, Conferences, Información Archives April 5, 2013 at the Wayback Machine.... Hop up ^ "Ajiaco Bogotano (Chicken and Potato Soup)". Upward leap ^ "The 2016 FIFA Futsal World Cup will be held in Colombia". fcf.com.co. 28 May 2013. Archives from the orginal on 3 December 2013. Skip up ^ "Simbolos de Bogotá" (in Spanish).
Bogotá Mayor. Archives from the originals on 7 July 2011. Returned on December 29, 2008. Hop up "New York City Global Partners". Archives from the originals on August 14, 2013. Brought back on October 15, 2017. Hop up ^ Ash, Alexander (April 23, 2012). Available on 15 October 2017 - via Google Books.
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Brought back 2017-09-10. Skip up ^ Syed Shayan (February 2015). Archives from the originals on 5 March 2016. Brought back on October 23, 2015. Go to ^ "Declaration of Multiple and Solidary Partnerships of all Latin American Capitals (12-10-82)" (PDF). Archives from the source (PDF) on 10 May 2013. Returned 2015-03-12. Pessotto, Lorenzo.
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