Auckland Climate ChartThe Auckland Climate Map
Beatrix Jones, who has just begun teaching statistics, is focusing her research on metabolomy, the investigation of the amount of metabolite present in a liquid or tissues. Looking forward to your visit to the Semester One Postgraduate Orientation on the City Campus on Wednesday, July 11.
Here you will find information about insect and vegetable parasites, herbs and how you can grow plants for your area. Here you will find information on how we deal with rainwater and how we keep the facilities up and running. Find out how to avoid floods and how to get connected to the rainwater mains. Find out how you can cut your everyday CO2 footprint.
Yearly precipitation - Watering and Dewatering - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
There is a large variety of precipitation in New Zealand every year. The majority of the areas have an average precipitation of 600-1,600mm a year. Part of Hawke's Bay, the coasts of Canterbury and Central Otago are less preserved than these. On the southwest coastline of the southern island, especially Fiordland, there are hills that absorb the rains from the western airflow and get 2,000 to 10,000 millimeters of a year.
The highest mountains on the North Island are the only ones to have similar levels of rain. Highest precipitation was over 18,000 millimeters per year, at the Cropp River, in the Hokitika basin on the west coast.
A Statistical Analysis of the Relationship between Brown Haze and Surface Air Pollution Levels in the Admission of Respiratory Hospitals in Auckland, New Zealand
: 11 years of Auckland, New Zealand entry information is analysed using a Poisson re-gression model that includes a split line feature to display a representation of elapsed times, on the basis of a detailled recording of vapour incidents and atmospheric contamination at the top over 11 years, taking into consideration the mean temperatures and humidities of the days, days of the working days, public holiday and temporal changes.
The only contaminant that showed a significant statistical rise (p = 0.009) for the general public on the date of the mist. The environmental levels of CO, NO and NO2 were significantly associated with an 11-day delay for the 0-14 year old group and a 5-7-day delay for the 65+ year old group.
After all, the occurrence of fawn mist was associated with a significant increase in the number of admission to hospitals. For the 0-14 and 65+ groups a delay of 5 and 11 for the 15-64 year group. These results are the first statistically correlation between Auckland's brownflower occurrences, atmospheric contamination on the surfaces and airway heath.
Healthcare facilities and clinicians could profit from the enhanced ability to forecast the hazy tanning incidents in Auckland to anticipate the likely increase in airway uptake in the coming few working day. So far, the link between Auckland' s ambient ambient air pollution and disease has not been studied, nor has a single trial included several contaminants in the evaluation.
It was considered necessary to use the nickname to distinguish it from fog. The fog is always considered blank when seen and is not associated with high levels of atmospheric contamination. Since there are connections between atmospheric contamination and human beings and atmospheric contamination and turbidity, it makes sense to posit a connection between turbidity and harmful effects on people.
This article examines these relationships using 11-year sets of information, which includes extensive photo documentation of mist, notes of referrals to hospitals, four common levels of atmospheric pollutant exposure (and not just one), and weathering. Samples of clear and dark fog over Auckland.
In the cold months from 2001 to 2011 there were an eight dark years each. The number of holidays varies from year to year (from one holiday (2005) to 13 holidays (2009)). Auckland' s (former) Regional Council provided four pollutant averages per day:
The measurement was performed at a measurement site on Lincoln Road in West Auckland. Though not centrally situated, the Lincoln Road site provides a record for the entire 2001-2011 timeframe (for some of the pollutants) and is situated within the municipal shed of Auckland. In this trial, all atmospheric contamination information was determined using reference instruments, such as a beta attenuation monitor for PM information and chemiluminescent analysers for NO/NO2/NOx measurement.
Auckland Council's ongoing Auckland Council oversight system is designed to ensure that ambient ambient air conditions are met. It is therefore believed that the Lincoln Road site is a representation of ground-based atmospheric contamination in Auckland. The information on referrals (obtained through a New Zealand Ministry of Health request procedure) was not identified (encrypted in relation to the NHI number).
It was composed of discharging information from hospitals in the Auckland District Health Board basin with a preliminary diagnostic on the basis of the International Classification of Airway Disease (ICD10) for the years 2001 to 2011 including. For the general public and three different ages (0-14 years, 15-64 years and 65+ years), diurnal censuses were calculated for fresh orbiting.
Chronological analyses using Generalised additive modeling (GAM) were used to establish whether referrals to hospitals were associated with turbidity and soiling. Figures show that referrals to hospitals differ according to the weekday. A holiday flag has also been added as such dates can be confusing.
So the basic version has the form: is the number of entries, is the contaminant indicator, is the mean daily air moisture, is the mean everyday air moisture, displays the date of the weeks of dummies variables, the contaminant as follows: On the basis of the results of previous work in New Zealand, delays of up to 14 working hours were examined.
Separated modells (single layer models) with different delays of up to 14 working days (2 weeks) for the appearance of turbidity and contaminants were created and separated analysis by ages (0-14, 15-65 and 65+ years) were performed. A small percentage (less than 4%) were lacking information. Around two-fifths of airway recordings were registered during the four-month period that makes up the cold southern hemisphere period (May to August) with the least seasonality, while NO shows the greatest.
05 ) adverse relationships were found between levels of atmospheric contaminants and residential referrals for the general public and within the three ages. It is the only trial to examine the relationship between levels of atmospheric contamination and referrals to hospitals in Auckland. It looked at 11 years of information and found statistical significant relationships between contaminant CO, NO and NO2 concentration and Auckland' s hospitals.
It is also the first New Zealand trial to combine the production of tan fumes with admission to a pulmonary clinic. Up to 14 post-incident analysis was performed for all contaminants and populations for which significant statistical results were found. In order to examine whether the results found for the delay times were actual and not a result of a disturbance element left in the cast, preliminary run up to 14 day were used.
Statistical significant results were more than could be anticipated by accident alone, giving us optimism that the results seen in the delayed exposure patterns are true association was the least likely to be associated with airway hospitals in Auckland, with the 15-64 year group having the only significant correlation with delays of 0 and 3 workingdays. showed the most stable daily rise for all contaminants and ages, with a delay of 4 and then again.
The importance may have been achieved if another statistic method was used, such as clusters of scattered lag and CO were associated with an elevated number of airway recordings in Auckland. and CO is associated with an increasing number of admission to hospitals for patients suffering from airway diseases. The results have the capacity to be used as a measuring instrument - one that is easy for the general population to evaluate - to track advances in Auckland' s improved ambient air conditions, especially during the colder seasons.
It does not take into consideration the complexity of the mixture of atmospheric contaminants to which humans are subjected. There are four different ways in which the four contaminants under consideration for this research can influence public healthcare, perhaps which explains the inconsistency between the four contaminants dressings and airway hospitals. While there are significant discrepancies in the results, this trial finds significant relationships between NO, NO2 and CO and airway heath at different timepoints.
PM10 does not provide evidence to substantiate the results of gas emissions, probably due to the rise of PM10 on windy weather due to the existence of heavy seasalt. Other work should examine PM2. 5 levels in respect of Auckland' s overall wellbeing. Trans-Oceanic trials have found links between PM2. 5 and hospitals.
Areas of Auckland served by the Auckland Local Family. It was Jennifer Anne Salmond who discussed the fume information in connection with other paper examining the Auckland fume. CliFlo, the national climate database. Auckland CBD on ( (a) a clear acres and ( ) a hazy bay acres.)
Courtsy Auckland Council. Auckland CBD on ( (a) a clear acres and ( ) a hazy bay acres.) Courtsy Auckland Council. Graphs of percentages of changes in referrals for all ages, which include NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right). Graphs of percentages of changes in referrals for all ages, which include NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right).
Diagrams for percentages of changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 0-14, which include NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right). Diagrams for percentages of changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 0-14, which include NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right).
Diagrams for percentages of changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 15-64, inclusive of NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right). Diagrams for percentages of changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 15-64, inclusive of NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right).
Graph showing the percent changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 65 and over inclusive of NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right). Graph showing the percent changes in the number of admission to hospitals aged 65 and over inclusive of NO (top left), NO2 (bottom left), CO (top right) and PM10 (bottom right).
Table showing the percent changes in the number of admission to hospitals for airway diseases for (top left) all ages; (top right) 0-14 years; (bottom left) 15-64 years and (bottom right) 65+ years, in the post fume years. Table showing the percent changes in the number of admission to hospitals for airway diseases for (top left) all ages; (top right) 0-14 years; (bottom left) 15-64 years and (bottom right) 65+ years, in the post fume years.
Summarising stats on day-to-day ambient conditions, hospitals' referrals and temperatures. Summarising stats on day-to-day ambient conditions, hospitals' referrals and temperatures.