Ashmore and Cartier IslandsThe Ashmore and Cartier Islands
There is an Waliy representative bureau, a college, a health centre, a hydroelectric plant, a demineralisation plant and a fishing plant on this isle. They will be protected to preserve the nest of turtles, corals and bird life and to make good use of fisheries stocks.
Its coastline is characterised by a wide variety of sea life including corals, sea creatures and tortoises that come to the island's shores to nest their critters. Furthermore, al Hallaniyyyat is regarded as a place of safety for the bird to place an egg where its nourishment is known. There are four major archipelagos, generally undulating, but with some shallow areas, especially on the eastern and westernmost isles.
Some of the islets are very jagged, and on the north-eastern side of the biggest islet there is a solid rock of marsh. They are characterised by sublittoral corals and phaeophytes and coastline rocks with predominantly sand and sublittoral crags. Occasionally Tamarix and Acacia are found on the biggest mainland ( "al Hallaniyya"). Heliotropium and some grass and reed beds are found on leachate seepers.
Particularly interesting are Suaeda muskatus, Heliotropium and Launaea off. aspinosa. Cayenne coral reefs: Unspoilt natural beauty and a great variety of coral, sponge, algae, seaweed, sea life and other game. Various types and large stocks of fishery products are thriving in the region, as the few indigenous fishers did not use netting, but used only secure catching method.
Tortoises: Tortoises lay their nests on the sand shores of the isles. Part census shows that the archipelago supports one of the world's most important loggerheads. Green tortoises have also been seen in the ocean and the locals have confirmed that there are two species of tortoises that lay their nests on this isle.
Hawksbills also found on the islands, however, have been found near the beach. Most of the sightings of multiple species of mammal, such as the dolphin and whale, are found in the area. According to a fishers' survey, two species of dolphin (Spinner and Risso) were spotted along with nine moguls in one outing.
Although not well trained, they were able to spot the dolphin and whale by height, colour, form and time. Qabliyya is the biggest bird sanctuary in the area. It is uninhabited and free of beasts. It spreads all over the islands and deposits its egg everywhere.
It is the only known nest of the Audubon Sherwater (Puffinus iherminieri). Numerous archeological places such as graves, homes and shops have been found on the Isle of al Hallaniyyat and al Sauda. It is a nature reserve on the Al Hallaniyyat Archipelago with habitat essential for the livelihood of a large number of species of bird, sea turtle, coral, associated fish and seaweed.
Also the archaeological characteristics of the archipelago are notable. For the Al Hallaniyyat Archipelago, the suggested protected area fulfils criteria N as it includes habitat that is essential for the life of a large number of bird life, sea tortoises and many different types of reindeer and associated fish and seaweeds. The existence of the few small numbers of fishers on one of the archipelago seemed to be in line with the island's ecosystems.
The fact that the island and its surroundings are still in their original state shows this. Most of the archipelago is inhabited by sea birds and is of international importance in this area. The brood only breeds on these isles and nowhere else in Oman. The Al Hallaniyyyat Island Reserve can be likened worldwide to the following pages:
The Fernkloof Nature Reserve in South Africa. Situated on 583 sq. km., the Ashmore National Nature Reserve of Australia's North-West Shelf comprises two vast lakes, walking rocks, seaweed pastures and a large plains of reefs. Near Ashmore is the Cartier Island Marine Reserve with an area of 167 sqkm.