Antipodes Islands MapThe Antipode Islands Map
National Topographic Office | Oceania | GIS Data Map Mapping - NZ Antipodes Island Terrain Relief (Topo, 1:25k)
As well as the contours, the shaded reliefs help to visualize the area. Reliefs were created for each leaf and especially for the Topo50 map family. The shade of the reliefs on neighbouring map pages may vary slightly. If there is no outline information, no raised shadowing was created.
Topo50 map set offers 1:50,000 topographical map of New Zealand's continental, Chatham and islands off the coast (some of the islands on 1:25,000 scale). Antipodes Island Group's 1:25,000 scaled map and map are virtually part of the Topo50 family.
Data file:Topographic map of the Antipode Islands in English.svg
English: Click on the above picture for a better look. Topographical map of the Antipode Islands near New Zealand. Approx. topographical scale: 1:372,000 (accuracy: 93 m). To display the document as it was published at that point, click a date/time. This is a non-overwriteable document.
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We have no saplings, only thick, tufted areas, speckled with huge bird populations and their nest; no brooms and brooms, only indigenous vegetation such as moss and lichen and high, coiled fern hanging in the breeze; marine and penguin and small carnivorous macaws together in an apparently live lab, a series of migratory strains that happen to be gathered in a landsomer-free underworld.
On the windswept way to Antarctica, the rugged subantarctic islands southeast of New Zealand are our equivalents to the Galapagos Islands: one of the few bags left in the Galapagos Islands without a proactive man-made appearance, and where several hundred wildlife populations, many of them nowhere else, are largely intact. Sub-Antarctica was described as the sea bird capitol because of the flocks of flocks of bird that roam the Southern Ocean sky and nest on the small, rocks.
This is why the islands have been classified as of international importance and declared a World Heritage Site, which they shared with the Great Barrier Reef and the Pyramiden. It' located about 860 km southeast of Stewart Island. Often showered in the rains or covered by fog, it bears a temporary similarity to King Kong's Skull Island, a curious and impressive out-of-nothing.
Because of its position, the isle has been named Antipodes: The name Moutere Mahue on M?ori also means something like the lost islands. It stretches across the "roaring forties" and the "furious fifties" and refers to the southerly degrees of latitude, where west wind prevails, which have caused many wrecks. The fact that the islands have become so misanthropic has made its fauna, especially sea birds, thrive.
Anything that made it to Antipodes Iceland, which is a relatively small area of 2000 ha, happened to be there. There are 21 kinds of seabirds, four kinds of seabirds, and hundred of plant and invertebrate types with a high level of endemicity (i.e. types not found anywhere else) on the islands. Since there are no tree, the macaws - of which there are two types on antipodes, both probably connected to the land K?k?riki - dig into the soils.
The fact that two different kinds of parakeets, usually a tropic one, are indigenous to a small subantarctic islet is quite uncommon in itself; even more strange is that in their 30,000 years on the islet there has been no indication of crossbreeding. In spite of their insular fortification, many of the antipodes' found endangered populations are in a decay.
This includes some of our most intriguing bird life and invertebrate animals that are absolutely unique: The islands are a disproportionately large part of global bio-diversity, but they are also the most threatened. In 1995, when Kath Walker and Graeme Elliott came to Antipodes Island, they thought it was paradise.
"He said it was like a tropic island." Since then, the researchers have been on the islands every year, watching every year an interesting and little-noticed type of avian, the antipodic Wanderalbatros, one of the biggest migratory animals in the canopy. Like the name already says, practically the whole kind broods on the Antipodes Isle, where the fowls nest in the open clusters high above the ocean, on the vulcanic hillsides, which rise to the crater summit, with care.
This DOC cottage, constructed in 1978, lies above a rocky promontory by the ocean. Out of all the different kinds on the isle, the albatross are in the worst distress. It is threatened with extinction and, with its present decrease, the strain will be functional within two centuries - another of our indigenous bird that will be forever gone.
"I always think our migratory Albatross should be New Zealand's ice bear," says Kath Walker. Some of the species they have encountered on their first expeditions are still there because the albumtruses have such a long lifespan - they can reach 60 years of age. "Elliott says the chicks are beautiful - they are something really unique.
And the big thing we've seen is this 2005 plunge that didn't stop in Antipodes. This DOC cottage, constructed in 1978, lies above a rocky promontory by the ocean. Daisy, indigenous to the Isle of Antipodes. Upright bonnet-penguins only live on the subantarctic islands. Nearly everything that is left of the whole kind hatches here, in this area.
Daisy, indigenous to the island of Antipodes. "We see the whites that are men trying to draw the female, none of which exist, stand around," says Walker. A number of mating men have taken several times of the year, a behavior never seen before, say Walker and Elliott. "They' ve never been to Chile ten years ago," says Walker.
They' re often the only two on the whole lot for week after week. Arriving in 2014, they discovered that much of the area had been affected by mudslides, which included the cabin that had been pushed several meters above the riff. "It' s always shitty and the boating is usually quite shitty and scary," says Walker.
She wasn't around much before her older brother was diagnosed with it: cancer: "We feel really voyeuristic," says Walker, "we only observe this drop without being able to do anything about it. Auckland Islands form the biggest block in the sub-Antarctic, mainly through the major isle, which is 23x larger than Antipodes.
The area was devastated by imported swine, cat and mouse, which were catastrophic for the indigenous population. They' eradicated all sea birds digging and albatross do not nest there - the rare mega pea, which at best look like something from Dr. Seuss, only grows a few inches high.
Antipodes Island's striking tufts can reach a height of one meter. Adam's Iceland is largely unaffected by human beings and imported wildlife and has developed well. Rich in indigenous bird and plant life, it is only a few kilometres from an islet severely affected by imported beasts. Not the same carnivores as Auckland Islands, but the only terrestrial animal that lives on antipodes causes unbelievable damage:
DOC cottage of the archipelago was constructed in 1978. It feeds on invertebrate animals so that it is well fed by the dozen kinds native to the islands, from bugs and tarantulas to rhinoceroses. It is assumed that at least two types are local extirpated due to mouse extinction, as well as the wetaceae.
By far exceeding everything else, the vertebrates make an impressive block against the same invertebrate feed. Antipodes Island's striking tufts can reach a height of one meter. HMNZS Wellington is off the coast of Antipodes. DOC cottage of the archipelago was constructed in 1978. Surgery, known as Million Dollar Mouse, had a weird way to succeed:
Work began before the former nationally-run government declared its intention to expel carnivores from New Zealand by 2050: Some other subantarctic islands have been freed of carnivores, but the antipode surgery is the toughest yet. "but there are no carnivores to reduce them.
Dirty night-vision footage from another of the islands shows a band of mouse that kill s and eats an Albatros chicken many lives larger than its adult population. This is an uncommon case of straight robbery known as" booty trade". It' really what happens when a mouse eats through the bugs, slugs and other vertebrates and eats birds: an eye for the unknown if a mouse had stayed.
Failure to free the antipodes from the mouse would have been fatal for many of the local population. Whilst the emphasis is often on the bird life, there are several hundred endangered bird life on the isle. "They are of great value, they are world cultural heritage, and part of the motive is that they have this apparent evolving proces with much endemic.
" Freeing such a isolated place from several hundred thousand bugs was an immense logistic task. "It' s one of those things where, when you begin to write a confirmation letter, there are several hundred people throughout the entire division and externally," Horn says. "It will all take us to the next level - ridding the devastated Auckland Islands of carnivores, the last subantarctic islands left with beasts.
Bird flies over antipodes. One autumn of 1800, a navy vessel from Britain came across the Antipodes Islands, a previously uncharted plate of cliff. On its climax, almost 90 sealer grabbed the bleak isle at once and slaughtered thousand of them. In the two hundred years that followed, the antipod sealing populations were still a small part of what they once were.
In the 1860', when there were no more furred seals, fighters briefly slaughtered the indigenous pinguins used in London as ear protectors and mittens for mothers. Big reels of Penguinskins were abandoned in a cavern on the Isle, and stayed there more than a hundred years later. Approximately two third of the world's populations of birds nest on antipodes.
There is little known about the genus, except that it is large, with extravagant lashes and roaring noises. They' one of two penguins on the isle, the other is the rock hopper. Over the last few years, both types have decreased sharply. Shot in 1981, a televisionNZ documentation about Antipodes Iceland is entitled "Island of Strange Noises" - it begins with fearsome, incorporeal quacks, like an initiation into a foreign underworld.
Partly because there are no vegetation, the islands look alien, just huge tufts of old streams of flaming flocks of pelican-sized bird life and hundred of wild, dark and whitish penguin -like crags. Looted and the subantarctic islands forgot, it seemed unlikely that they would achieve the state they now have - among the most sheltered places in the underworld.
"Aotearoa, New Zealand is the capitol of the world's seabirds, with a number of different wildlife here. Much greater challenge lies ahead on the road to rid New Zealand of beasts of prey. It' going to be beneficial to a variety of species."