American Samoa vs SamoaSamoa-American vs. Samoa
Today, the Samoan isles are an important touristic place, which has all the advantages of the desert isles. From the 1800s and especially towards the end of the 19th century, it was the centre of conflict between the United States, Germany and Great Britain. It explores the decisive phase of Samoan evolution, most representative in 1899, and what happened up to that year.
The Samoan Islands received much publicity from three mighty powers: the United States, Germany and Great Britain. In the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries, the imperialist era, which saw the founding of power, especially by the American and Western world, their leaders on the Asian continents, for example. Pacific was no exeption.
Many Pacific Ocean isles have been proclaimed as property of certain forces, in particular Great Britain, France, Germany and the United States. Samoa played a part in such an interna-tional political movement. The establishment of an Empire was indeed a symbolic of the nation's power, and so in a way it was a competition for territory for the Forces.
But even if this is the case, it is vital that the features of the Samoan Islands, which could have been attractive elements for overseas forces, are investigated in order to fully comprehend the interests of these states. Samoan Islands have a rich soils and a humid environment suited for planting.
As the 1890s came to an end, the island began to concentrate more on the cultivation of exotic fruit such as banana, pineapple and banana, which was more successfully adapted to the climatic conditions. At the end of the 1890s, the three forces already had a significant stake in Samoa's economic development.
it was the Colonies that had a decisive part. Moreover, the figures may not have been much for the economies of the countries as states, but for single individuals and exporters it is obvious that the Samoan Isles were of value. In view of the fruitfulness and productive capacity of the island and the island's position as a powerhouse, even if it is small, the interests of the alien countries on the island are understandable.
Using such valuables at risk, the U.S., Germany and Britain gradually stepped up their intervention in the internal affairs of Samoa and finally resulted in the division of the island, from 1899 and 1900. Samoa's story up to 1899 is made up of several meetings and interaction with the alien world.
The USA's interest in the Samoan Islands, for example, began as early as 1838 and increased drastically after the civil war. In 1872, a US navy commander, Commander Richard W. Meade, renegotiated a contract with the Samoan chiefs and obtained sole ownership of a marine base in the port of Pago-Pago on the Isle of Tutuila.
Col. A. B. Steinberger, sent by President Grant in 1873, was recognized by the Samoans as American gubern. Connections between the United States and the Samoan Isles could evolve, as the inhabitants of the island and the United States had a common interest in obstructing Germany's impact on the island.
"and to form a ruling class under Germany's authority. The law of Berlin has placed the island under the common supervision of the USA, Germany and Great Britain; it has officially recognised Samoa as an autonomous state and the indigenous emperor as emperor. "But in this act, which seemed to respect Samoa's right-wing sovereignty, there was plenty of room for external intrusion.
and the three forces elected the Supreme Judge of the Supreme Court. He could be released if two of the forces agreed. Apia's new community would have a presidential elected by the three forces. Finally, this intervention took form, such as certain forces that support certain nominees as kings, an American high court judge who uses his authorities to mirror his own government's stance in Samoan matters, and so on.
This kind of action led to the turmoil of 1899. Following cases of participation of the forces in internal disputes, the Chinese consulates acknowledged that the Mataafa faction, backed by Germany, was de facto the dominant force in 1899. In connection with envy and rivality, proclamations and counterproclamations were swapped between an American counteradmiral Kautz and the Teutonic Consult.
Both the forces and Samoa were in profound disarray and upheaval. Eventually, the Anglo-American Agreement of 8 November 1899 established disarray and unstability. She prescribed that the island should be shared between Germany and the United States. This yearbook of 1899 specified the arrangements: the London Charivari, or punching, was a set of caricatures of politics that represented both national and foreign matters.
These are caricatures released on 26 April 1899 and 15 November 1899 which depict Samoa scenes. "In the center, a polynesian female who represents Samoa is drawn by three men in three different ways. Behind Samoa, the man in his beloved chestnut cap and his star and stripe shirts symbolises the United States.
Knowing the conditions in Samoa in 1899, it is not hard to imagine that the three men shown are the United States, Germany and Great Britain, each moving to Samoa to have them as his. Words like "The Tug of - Peace" are quite ironical, because the three powers' rivalries culminate in a violent clash, especially from early April 1899, when the Anglo-Americans were attacked (note date of this cartoon: April 26, 1899); the three men in the comic strip are all, Ironically, armor.
One can interpret this as if the caricaturist satirized the Samoa experience and criticized the three-power-stomach. Among the ironical words is what Samoa says: "How lucky I could be - alone! "The words that the caricaturist Samoa has put in his lips are more straightforward than the above -mentioned ironical one.
All it says is that Samoa does not want the three forces on its isles and that it would be a prudent policy move to withdraw. The public does not find here a UK comic that is prejudiced against the UK, but a funny comic that makes a mockery of and criticises UK policy - not only that of the UK, but also that of the Germans and the United States.
The caricature, released on 15 November 1899 under the German-British agreement governing the division, shows how the Brits left the Samoan Islands. He says in big print "Good-Bye, Samoa ! This caricature indicates that the Brits chose not to participate in the division (but they had implicitly endorsed it and were reimbursed with territories elsewhere).
She must point to Samoa with a "nutbrow" palm, replaced by the Frenchman. While the two sides, the Britons and Samoa, were kind enough to exchange goodbyes, it seems that the two had had a friendly relation in the past, when in fact the Brits have been instrumental in putting Samoa on the brink of great unrest. Or if the caricaturist did not intend to tell the odd account of the history of the public, the sublimation of the Brits' departures gives the caricaturist an easement that can be expanded into the reliefs of the UK population.
With the help of these medias you can see how the Samoan matters were taken up by the Brits. Samoa, although a small Pacific Ocean island, was once the centre of the Great Power conflicts between the United States, Germany and Great Britain during the latter part of the 1800s until its division in 1899.
It was a group of inhabited archipelagos with fruitful lands and a pleasant atmosphere, and had already built economical relations with the forces for centuries, when there was great turbulence at the end of the 1890s. They had exerted significant clout on the Samoan Isles.
Though the Berlin law recognized the Samoan Isles as an autonomous home state, there were items that secured an intervention of the three forces in the internal affair. Minor uses of power have crept into the participation of the forces in and incitement to mass civilian conflict, ultimately to military conflict, on the isles.
The division of the Samoan Isles in November 1899, however, caused mayhem. The United States took ownership of the east. Punch, or the London Charivari, represented Samoa and the three forces in 1899. Small cartoon features such as the definition of rivalries between the three forces such as "The Tug of Peace" show the satiric character of such caricatures as well as the spirit of the former UK people.
although reluctant, as they themselves are as much Samoan as the Samoans of the independent state of Samoa. Thus the time of the end of 1800 was manifested today by the power of the three states. Unreleased (1) Articles "Samoa. The Samoa from Encyclopaedia Britannica Online 2008. Samoa. On-line map of Ganse, A. "West Samoa.
About Samoa. Bureau des affaires de l'Asie de l'Est et du Pacifique. Goose, A. "Samoa, 1830-1899.