American Samoa AirportSamoa-American Airport
As El Niño has peaked, researchers have been warning that the world' s dying corals, the so-called whitening of corals, is far from over. It is the third time in history that the world has bleached. They were both El Niño years in 1998 and 2010. The warm Pacific Ocean has certainly been a major contributor to El Niño.
However, the constant heating of the seas due to climatic changes is also an important element. Over 90 per cent of the warmth collected by climatic changes ends up in the seas and its impacts can be felt immediately. "We' re currently witnessing the longest ever observation of worldwide reef bleaching," said Mark Eakin, co-ordinator of Coal Reef Watch, in a comment.
Long exposures to high sea temperature have put many of our marine life into serious condition. Hot waters allow the seaweed they depend on to be ejected by seaweed, and leave ghostlike dead bodies of deadly whites in the place of blooming coves. Prediction of bleached for March-June. Pacific Ocean was the epicentre of the world' s whitening events and Christmas Island was the small porthole of this epicentre.
This 150 sq km large islet is located in the heart of El Niño River. There, some of the world's most arduous environments are exposed to some of the hardest seas. In particular, El Niño sent up to 88°F or about 6°F above sea level to the area. This broad bout of pressure had already ended off a broad row of reefs when Kim Cobb, a corrosion specialist at Georgia Tech, visited it in November during the tip El Niño Heats.
Though the water will cool down when El Niño ébbs, Cobb expects even more destruction when she gets back to Christmas Island next time. Airport-Reef in American Samoa at the climax of a bleach show in February 2015. Cobb' s intention is to gather information that will give us useful insights into which coral survives this extremely hot weather even.
In view of the anticipated climatic changes that will further warm the seas, these findings could be the keys to protection not only on Christmas Island but around the year. While Christmas Island should take a breather this year as the seas return to their natural temperature in the area, other areas will still be feeling the warm.
Chances of hosting an La Niña show in the course of this year are up. Whereas this means colder water for the east and centre of the Pacific, the temperature rises on the west rim of the basins around Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. This area is known as the Triangle of Corals, an ecological place for corals, pelagic animals, tortoises and other marine life.
It is already threatened by the present worldwide corruption and could be at even greater risk if La Niña comes into being.